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Showing 9 results for Zno

M. Khaleghian, M. Kalantar, S. S. Ghasemi,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (6-2015)

Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) as a piezoelectric ceramic has been used widely in the fields of electronics, biomedical engineering, mechatronics and thermoelectric. Although, the electrical properties of PZT ceramics is a major considerable, but the mechanical properties such as fracture strength and toughness should be improved for many applications. In this study, lead monoxide, zirconium dioxide and titanium dioxide were used to synthesize PZT compound with chemical formula Pb(Zr 0.52 ,Ti 0.48 )O 3 by calcination heat treatment. Planetary mill with zirconia balls were used for homogenization of materials. Two-stage calcination was performed at temperatures of 600˚C and 850˚C for holding time of 2h. In order to improve the mechanical properties of PZT, various amount of ZnO and/or Al 2 O 3 particles were added to calcined materials and so PZT/ZnO, PZT/Al 2 O 3 and PZT/ZnO+Al 2 O 3 composites were fabricated. Composites samples were sintered at 1100˚C for 2 h in the normal atmosphere. Microstructural component and phase composition were analyzed by XRD and SEM. The density, fracture strength, toughness and hardness were measured by Archimedes method, three-point bending, direct measurement length crack and Vickers method, respectively. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of the samples were also measured by LCR meter and d33metet tester, respectively. The results showed that by addition of ZnO and Al 2 O 3 to composite materials, the relative density of PZT based composites was increased in conjunction with a signification improvement of mechanical properties such as flexural strength, toughness and hardness. Moreover, the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PZT such as dielectric constant, piezoelectric coefficient and coupling factor were decreased while the loss tangent was also increased.
M. Maleki, S. M. Rozati,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2015)

In this paper, polycrystalline pure zinc oxide nano structured thin films were deposited on two kinds of single crystal and polycrystalline of p and n type Si in three different substrate temperatures of 300, 400 and 500C by low cost APCVD method. Structural, electrical and optical properties of these thin films were characterized by X ray diffraction, two point probe method and UV visible spectrophotometer respectively. IV measurements of these heterojunctions showed that turn on voltage and series resistance will increase with increasing substrate temperature in polycrystalline Si, while in single crystal Si, turn on voltage will decrease. Although they are acceptable diodes, their efficiency as a heterojunction solar cell are so low

T. Ebadzadeh, S. Ghaffari, M. Alizadeh, K. Asadian, Y. Ganjkhanlou,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (3-2019)

The densification behavior, structural and microstructural evolution and microwave dielectric properties of Li2TiO3 + xZnO (x = 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, and 5 mol%) ceramics have been investigated using X-ray diffraction, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and microwave resonant measurement. The Maximum density of 3.33 g/cm3 was obtained in Li2TiO3 + 2ZnO ceramic at low sintering temperature of 1100˚C. SEM investigations revealed good close packing of grains when x = 2 and preferential grain growth when x ≥ 3. The maximum values of Q × f = 31800 GHz and εr = 22.5 were obtained in Li2TiO3 + 3ZnO and Li2TiO3 + 2ZnO compositions, respectively. The observed properties are attributed to the microstructural evolution and grain growth (first case) or high density of the obtained ceramic (second case).
Sa. Benkacem, K. Boudeghdegh, F. Zehani, Y. Belhocine,
Volume 17, Issue 2 (6-2020)

This paper focuses on the effect of ZrSiO4/ZnO ratio on the properties of the glaze to be used on ceramic sanitary-ware. Structural and morphological characterization of these glazed ceramics were identified by XRD, SEM, FTIR and Raman Spectroscopy. Furthermore, thermal properties were determined by DTA and TG techniques. Besides, flexural strength, Vickers Microhardness, whiteness and chemical resistance were investigated experimentally. XRD analysis showed that the zircon and quartz were the crystalline phases, zircon was also precipitated into the glaze layer during firing. It was found that an increase of the ZrSiO4/ZnO ratio part weights from 3.85 to 67, causes an increase in the zircon crystallite particle size from 203.90 to 288.86 Å. From DTA, it was observed that by increasing ZrSiO4/ZnO ratio, the crystallization temperature of zircon decreases. The glaze exhibits the highest whiteness value when the ratio of ZrSiO4/ZnO becomes 12.60.

S. M. Alduwaib, Muhannad M. Abd,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (12-2020)

Graphene oxide thin layers, graphene oxide:silver nano-composite, graphene oxide:zinc oxide nano-composite and graphene oxide:zinc oxide/graphene oxide:silver bilayer were deposited by spray pyrolysis method. The synthesized thin layers were characterized using X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The optical properties and the band gap of the thin layers were also studied and calculated using the Tauc equation. Gram-negative bacterium of Escherichia coli was used to study the antibacterial properties of thin layers. The results showed that among the thin layers investigated, GO:ZnO/GO:Ag bilayer had the greatest effect on the inhibition of E. coli growth and was able to control the growth of bacterium after 2 hours.
Mohammed Ruhul Amin Bhuiyan, Hayati Mamur,
Volume 18, Issue 3 (9-2021)

Carbon-based chemical substances persistence can contribute to adverse health impacts on human lives. It is essential to overcome for treatment purposes. The semiconducting metal oxide is Zinc Oxide (ZnO), which has excellent biocompatibility, good chemical stability, selectivity, sensitivity, non-toxicity, and fast electron transfer characteristics. The ZnO nanoparticles are more efficient compared to other metal oxide materials. Thus, the nanoparticles are in the present research situation to receive increasing attention due to their potential performance of the human body to feel comfortable. The nanoparticles become more promising for biomedical applications through the development of anticancer agents to recovery different types of malignant cells in the human body. The ZnO nanoparticles can be the future potential materials for biomedical applications. The purpose of this paper is to review the cost-effective approach to synthesize the ZnO nanoparticles. Moreover, these ideas can develop for synthesized ZnO biomaterial to perform easily up-scaled in biomedical applications.
M.j Kadhim, Fatima Allawi, M. A. Mahdi, Sami Najah Abaas,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (9-2022)

     Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanorods and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures thin films were prepared onto glass substrates by the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The ZnO was structured as nanorods (NRs) while TiO2 was formed as nanoflowers plate as confirmed by Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) images. The ZnO/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films were prepared via drop-casting Fe3O4 NPs onto the grown ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures thin films. The diameter of Fe3O4 NPs was deposited onto ZnO NRs thin films and TiO2 nanostructures thin films was ranged from 8nm to 59nm with dominated range between 10nm to 30 nm.  The crystalline structure of prepared samples was investigated through X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. However, the particles size of Fe3O4  was estimated  by XRD as well as FESEM images was around 22 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared ZnO/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films was investigated against methylene blue (MB) dye at room temperature with a pH value of 10 under different exposure time by visible light. The photodegradation rate of MB dye by ZnO/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films was higher than that obtained by ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures thin films. The best photodegradation rate of MB dye was 100% after exposure time of 180 min was obtained by ZnO/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin film whereas it was 82% for TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films after exposure time of  240 min.  
Ayça Tanrıverdi, Saniye Tekerek,
Volume 20, Issue 3 (9-2023)

In this study, zinc chloride (ZnCl) was used as a precursor chemical to form boron reinforced zinc oxide (ZnO:B) particles. The supercapacitor performance of the reduced graphene oxide/boron reinforced zinc oxide (RGO/ZnO:B) composite electrodes produced by hydrothermal methods, and the impact of different boron doping ratios on the capacitance, were both examined. The characterization of the RGO/ZnO:B composites containing 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% boron by weight were performed using X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The capacitance measurements of the electrodes produced were conducted in a 6 M KOH aqueous solution with a typical three electrode setup using Iviumstat potentiostat/galvanostatic cyclic voltammetry. The specific capacitance value of the 20% reinforced RGO/ZnO:B composite electrode was 155.88 F/g, while that of the RGO/ZnO composite electrode was 36.37 F/g. According to this result, the capacitance increased four-fold with a 20% boron doping concentration. Moreover, a longer cycle performance was observed for the RGO/ZnO:B electrodes with higher boron doping concentrations.
Risa Suryana, Nida Usholihah, Markus Diantoro,
Volume 21, Issue 2 (6-2024)

Modifying photo-anode structures in DSSC devices is still challenging in improving efficiency. This study focused on the ZnO rod growth on several porous silicon substrates using the hydrothermal method and determining which porous silicon is appropriate for DSSC applications. The materials used for the growth solution were Zn(NO3)26H2O 0.05 M and C6H12N4 0.25 M. The hydrothermal process was carried out at 90°C for 6 h and then annealed at 450°C for 30 min. SEM revealed that PSi pore influences the structure, diameter, and density of ZnO rods. ZnO structures formed in ZnO rods with a dominant vertical growth direction, ZnO rods with an intersection direction, and flower-like ZnO rods. The diameter of the PSi pore affected the density of ZnO rods grown on the PSi. The average diameter size and the density of ZnO rods vary from 747.66-1610.68 nm and 0.22-0.90 rod/μm2. XRD confirmed the presence of ZnO hexagonal wurtzite, Si cubic, and SiO2 monoclinic. UV-Vis spectrometry characterization results showed that sample reflectance was influenced by ZnO rod density and PSi pitch. The larger density of ZnO rods and the smaller pitch of the PSi pore will lead to lower reflectance. In addition, band gap values were obtained in the 3.06-3.75 eV range. FTIR identified the existence of a ZnO vibration bond, indicating that ZnO was successfully grown on all PSi substrates. The ZnO rods grown on P15S1180 are expected to have more appropriate properties among all five samples for DSSC photoanode.

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