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Showing 3 results for Shrinkage

E. Najafi Kani, A. Allahverdi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2011)

Shrinkage behavior of a geopolymer cement paste prepared from pumice-type natural pozzolan was studied
by changing parameters of chemical composition including SiO2/Na2O molar ratio of activator and total molar ratios
of Na2O/Al2O3, and H2O/Al2O3. For investigating the effect of curing conditions on shrinkage, hydrothermal curing
was also applied. The obtained results clearly revealed the governing effect of chemical composition on shrinkage.
Mixes with different Na2O/Al2O3 molar ratios exhibited different shrinkage behavior due to variations made in
SiO2/Na2O molar ratio. Application of hydrothermal curing after a 7-day period of precuring in humid atmosphere
also showed strong effect on shrinkage reduction.
A. Rashad,
Volume 15, Issue 2 (6-2018)

In the current work, the properties of cement pastes doped with high amounts of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (HVS) were investigated. Portland cement (PC) was substituted with ground granulated blast-furnace slag (donated as slag) at very high amounts of 85%, 90%, 95% and 100%, by weight. PC paste without any content of slag was used as a reference. Some fresh and hardened properties such as workability, density, compressive strength up to 56 days, pH value and drying shrinkage up to 200 days were measured. The various phases formed were identified using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The microstructure of the formed hydration products was determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results indicated that HVS has higher workability and higher drying shrinkage beyond 60 days. On the other hand, HVS has lower pH, density and compressive strength.

M. Abbasalizadeh, R. Hasanzadeh, Z. Mohamadian, T. Azdast, M. Rostami,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2018)

Shrinkage is one of the most important defects of injection molded plastic parts. Injection molding processing parameters have a significant effect on shrinkage of the produced parts. In the present study, the effect of different injection parameters on volumetric shrinkage of two polymers (high-density polyethylene (HDPE) semi-crystalline thermoplastics and polycarbonate (PC) as a representative of amorphous thermoplastics) was studied. Samples under different processing conditions according to a L27 orthogonal array of Taguchi experimental design approach were injected. Effect of material crystallinity on the shrinkage of injected samples was investigated. Obtained results revealed that semi-crystalline thermoplastics have larger shrinkage values in comparison with amorphous thermoplastics. Shrinkages of injected samples were also studied along and across the flow directions. Results showed that the flow path can dramatically affect the shrinkage of semi-crystalline thermoplastics. However for amorphous thermoplastics, results showed an independency of obtained shrinkage to flow direction. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results illustrated that cooling time was the most effective parameter on shrinkage for both PE and PC injected samples; followed by injection temperature as the second important parameter. The optimum conditions to minimize shrinkage of injection molded samples are also achieved using signal to noise ratio (S/N) analysis.

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