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Showing 5 results for Nb

A. Noorian, Sh. Kheirandish, H. Saghafian,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (6-2010)


mechanical properties of AISIH 13 hot-work tool steel have been studied. Cast samples made of the modified new steel were homogenized and austenitized at different conditions, followed by tempering at the specified temperature ranges. Hardness, red hardness, three point bending test and Charpy impact test were carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties together with characterizing the microstructure of the modified steel using scanning electron microscope. The results show that niobium addition modifies the cast structure of Nb–alloyed steel, and increases its maximum hardness. It was found that bending strength bending strain, impact strength, and red hardness of the modified cast steel are also higher than those of the cast H13 steel, and lower than those of the wrought H13 steel.

In this research, the effects of partially replacing of vanadium and molybdenum with niobium on the
S. Gholami Shiri, Y. Palizdar, . A. Jenabali Jahromi, Eduardo F. de Monlevade,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (9-2018)

The relation between microstructure and the fracture mechanisms of δ-TRIP steel with different Nb-content has been investigated using complementary methods of light microscopy, SEM, EDS, EBSD, X-ray phase analysis and tensile test. The results revealed a close dependency between the presences of constitutive phases i.e. ferrite, bainite, retained austenite and martensite and the mode and characteristics of fracture. All samples revealed almost different fractography pattern which could be associated to the effect of Nb microalloying element. The different fractography patterns were consisted of dimple rupture, riverside and Wallner lines pattern. The proportion of the cleavage fracture in comparison of dimple rapture increased by increasing the Nb-content due to the increase of primary martensite in the microstructure.
Sasan Ranjbar Motlagh, Hosein Momeni, Naser Ehsani,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (3-2021)

In this study, the effect of annealing treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of Nb-10Hf-1Ti wt.% produced by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) was investigated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, hardness, and uniaxial tension test were used. Annealing treatment was carried out in a vacuum of 10-3 Pa at 1150 °C for 1, 3, 5, and 7 hours and in an argon atmosphere at 1350 °C for 5 hours. Internal oxidation and subsequent hafnium oxide formation causes the hardening of the C103 alloy and drastically increases hardness and tensile strength. Although HfO2 particles formed in the grain boundary cause brittleness and cleavage fracture of samples. Volume fraction, particle size, and mean interparticle spacing of oxides significantly change by annealing and subsequently the mechanical properties are affected. The SPSed sample at 1500 ℃ is softened by annealing at 1150 ℃ for 5 hours and its hardness and yield strength are reduced from 303 Hv to 230 Hv and 538 MPa to 490 MPa respectively. While annealing at 1350 ℃for 5 hours increases hardness and yield strength increases to 343 Hv and 581 MPa. 
Behzad Pourghasemi, Vahid Abouei, Omid Bayat, Banafsheh Karbakhsh Ravari,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (9-2022)

It has long been thought-provoking and challenging as well for researchers to design and produce a special low-modulus β titanium alloy such as Ti‐35Nb‐7Zr‐5Ta, representing optimal mechanical properties that is needed to successfully simulate bone tissue. In order to identify the key effects of processing pathways on the development of microstructure, Young’s modulus, and strength, a nominal Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta alloy was made via casting, hot forging, homogenizing, cold rolling and finally annealing. Results from tensile test alongside microscopic and XRD analysis confirm the importance influence of processing method on fully β phase microstructure, low elastic modulus and high strength of the alloy. The specimen with post-deformation annealing at 500 °C demonstrated the Young’s modulus of 49.8 GPa, yield strength of 780 MPa and ultimate tensile strength of 890 MPa, all of which are incredibly close to that of bone, hence suitable for orthopedic implants. At temperature above 500 °C, a sharp fall was observed in the mechanical properties.

Chitnarong Sirisathitkul, Patchara Sukonrat, Pongsakorn Jantaratana, Thanida Charoensuk,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (9-2022)

Repeated heat treatment on manganese-bismuth (MnBi) in a tube furnace increases the homogeneity of rare-earth-free magnets. Ferromagnetic low temperature phase (LTP) MnBi is formed after heating Mn and Bi in a ratio of 2:1 at 1000 °C for 1 h and then 400 °C for 1 h. Areas with comparable compositions of Mn and Bi are detected, but some Mn and Bi remains segregate after using this stepped heating 3 times. The subsequent annealing at 340 °C gives rise to higher magnetizations and coercivity than those using 410 °C annealing. Increasing the starting Mn:Bi ratio to 4:1 reduces the coercivity and remanent magnetization due to the increase in Mn oxidation at the expense of ferromagnetic phase.

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