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Showing 2 results for Natural Pozzolan

A. Allahverdi, E. Najafi Kani,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (6-2009)

geopolymer cement (inorganic polymeric binder) based on natural pozzolan are investigated. SiO

of activator and total molar ratios of Nacomposition exhibiting the highest 28-day compressive strength. Mixtures exhibiting the highest compressive strength were studied for their molecular structure using laboratory technique of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.Results obtained confirm that changes in chemical composition and curing condition can result in variations in degree of silicon substitution by aluminum in the second coordination sphere. Hydrothermal curing affects the molecular structure so that by increasing the hydrothermal curing temperatures, a lower degree of silicon substitution by aluminum in the second coordination sphere is observed. The molecular structure of the studied inorganic polymeric binde is composed of Si-O-Si chains bonded to Al-O and Si-O units creating two and three dimensional networks.

In this paper, the effects of chemical composition and curing conditions on molecular structure of2/Na2O molar ratio2O/Al2O3, and H2O/Al2O3 were changed to determine the optimum chemical
E. Najafi Kani, A. Allahverdi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2011)

Shrinkage behavior of a geopolymer cement paste prepared from pumice-type natural pozzolan was studied
by changing parameters of chemical composition including SiO2/Na2O molar ratio of activator and total molar ratios
of Na2O/Al2O3, and H2O/Al2O3. For investigating the effect of curing conditions on shrinkage, hydrothermal curing
was also applied. The obtained results clearly revealed the governing effect of chemical composition on shrinkage.
Mixes with different Na2O/Al2O3 molar ratios exhibited different shrinkage behavior due to variations made in
SiO2/Na2O molar ratio. Application of hydrothermal curing after a 7-day period of precuring in humid atmosphere
also showed strong effect on shrinkage reduction.

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