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A. Karimi Taheri, Kazeminezhad, A. Kiet Tieu,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (6-2007)

Abstract: The theoretical calculation of dislocation density in different regions of a deformed workpiece of 99.99% pure copper has been carried out using different procedures consisting of Finite Element Method (FEM) and hardness measurement. To assess the validity of the results pertaining to these procedures, the dislocation density is experimentally measured utilizing the Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Comparing the predicted and experimental results, it was found that the average error in prediction of the dislocation density by the hardness measurement and FEM is 12% and 2.5%, respectively. Also, for further confirmation of the evaluated dislocation density of each region of the deformed workpiece, the annealing process was carried out and in the region of higher dislocation density, a finer grain size was observed.
N. Anjabin, Karimi Taheri,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (6-2010)


properties of AA6082 aluminum alloy. Considering that aging phenomenon affects the distribution of alloying element

in matrix, and the fact that different distribution of alloying elements has different impediments to dislocation

movement, a material model based on microstructure, has been developed in this research. A relative volume fraction

or mean radius of precipitations is introduced into the flow stress by using the appropriate relationships. The GA-based

optimization technique is used to evaluate the material constants within the equations from the uni-axial tensile test

data of AA6082 alloy. Finally, using the proposed model with optimized constants, the flow behavior of the alloy at

different conditions of heat treatment is predicted. The results predicted by the model showed a good agreement with

experimental data, indicating the capability of the model in prediction of the material flow behavior after different heat

treatment cycles. Also, the calculated flow stress was used for determination of the material property in Abaqus

Software to analyze the uniaxial compression test. The force- displacement curves of the analysis were compared to

the experimental data obtained in the same condition, and a good agreement was found between the two sets of results.

A novel constitutive equation has been proposed to predict the effect of aging treatment on mechanical

Dr Mohammad Reza Allazadeh,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (9-2012)

Abstract: A combination of a finite element method (FEM) algorithm with ANSYS codes and post image processing of NDT ultrasonic images along with laboratory cooling experiments and microstructural analysis provide a guideline to determine the optimum cooling rate for any grade of steel in which the highest productivity can be achieved without any degradation of the cast steel products. The suggested FEM algorithm with ANSYS codes is introduced to develop a quasi real models to simulate quenching of as-cast steel with any cooling rate from any initial temperature below steel’s melting point. The algorithm builds a model which is capable to approximate the thermodynamic stresses generated by thermal strain and possible solid-solid phase transformation for as-cast steel with any chemical composition. The model is applicable for any casting geometry (slab, billet and bloom, bar, etc) and adaptable for any method of cooling (unidirectional or multidirectional). Cooling with any cooling agent can be simulated with the algorithm in an ideal case. The phase transformation of the steel in the algorithm can be controlled by Continuous Cooling Transformation (CCT) Diagram obtained from analytical calculation or real time-temperature-transformation experiments for the cast steel. A function for optimizing cooling rate is suggested.
E. Barati, Kh. Farmanesh,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2015)

The purpose of this research is to achieve the optimal parameters for producing forged aluminium alloy 7075 aircraft door bracket by using finite element modelling (FEM) with commercial DEFORM-3D V6.1 and physical simulations with plasticine and Plexiglas dies. Also, forging speed has been examined as the main factor for controlling to produce a part without any defects. The results of Physical Simulation showed that the flow pattern has good agreement with the results of FEM that based on the use of hydraulic presses with initial billet and dies temperatures 410 and 400 ° C, respectively, and different forging speeds 5, 10 and 15 mm/sec. Distribution of effective strain rate, effective strain, effective stress, temperature , forging force and dies­ wear showed improvement the results in forging speed of 5 mm/sec. Processing map of Aluminium alloy 7075 also checked out at constant strain 0.5, indicated that the specified area of the forged part is located in a safe area. Forging force in optimized forging speed 5 mm/sec showed that the forging process using a 1000-ton press can be done easily

E. Eshghi, M Kadkhodayan,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (6-2016)

High speed and absence of a precise control over pressure distribution confine sheet Electromagnetic Forming into a die to simple shapes having shallow depth. It is possible to reach a higher depth by using a convex punch instead of a concave die. In this study, sheet Electromagnetic Forming on a punch and sheet Electromagnetic Forming into a die are investigated. The electromagnetic part of the study is investigated analytically and its mechanical part is studied numerically. In order to couple electromagnetic with mechanical parts, no-coupling method is used. The obtained results are verified by comparing the obtained results with previous experimental ones in literature. Rate-dependent and rate-independent hardenings are taken into consideration for the mechanical behavior for material of AAl1050. Using appropriate hardening model for material yields acceptable results. Moreover, a convex punch instead of a concave die is used to reach to a higher depth in sheet Electromagnetic Forming.

M. Naseri, M. Alipour, A. Ghasemi, E. Davari,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (3-2018)

One of the interesting state-of-the-art approaches to welding is the process of friction stir welding (FSW). In comparison with the fusion processes, FSW is an advantageous method as it is suitable for the non-fusion weldable alloys and polymeric materials joining. Regarding the materials pure solid state joining, it also provides joints with less distortion and enhanced mechanical properties. In the present work, a three-dimensional (3D) model based on finite element analysis was applied to study the thermal history and thermomechanical procedure in friction stir welding of high density polyethylene plate. The technique includes the tool mechanical reaction and the weld material thermomechanical procedure. The considered heat source in the model, includes the friction among three items: the material, the probe and the shoulder. Finally, the model was validated by measuring actual temperatures near the weld nugget using thermocouples, and good agreement was obtained for studied materials and conditions.

Yogesh Dewang, Vipin Sharma,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (3-2021)

Finite element analysis has been carried out to investigate the effect of various parameters on axisymmetric hot extrusion process using aluminum alloy. The objective of the present work is to investigate the effect of friction coefficient, die angle, die-profile radius and predefined temperature of workpiece through FEM simulation of extrusion process. Nodal temperature distribution, heat flux, peak temperature at nodes and peak flux induced are identified as the output variables to assess the thermo-mechanical deformation behavior of aluminum alloy. Mesh sensitivity analysis is performed for the evaluation of mesh convergence as well as depicts the accuracy of present FEM model. Higher will be the coefficient of friction between interacting surfaces of die-billet assembly, more will be the increment in nodal temperature in billet. Higher will be the coefficient of friction, higher will be the generation of heat flux within billet, as this is achieved for highest coefficient of friction. Peak nodal temperature diminishes with increase in die profile radius nearly by 17 %.Maximum heat flux diminishes non-linearly by 30% with increase in die profile radius. Maximum nodal temperature increases nearly linearly by 14% with increment in predefined temperature of billet. Maximum heat flux decreases non-linearly by 5 % with increment in the initial temperature of workpiece. Validation of present numerical model is established on the basis of deformation behavior in terms of evolution of nodal temperature distribution upon comparison with previous studies available in literature.

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