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Showing 11 results for Soltanieh

M. Farhani,, M. Soltanieh, M. R. Aboutalebi,
Volume 5, Issue 3 (Summer 2008 2008)

Abstract: Dissolution and recovery of Mn-Al compacts with and without a chloride flux was studied by taking samples from the melt after addition of the compact. Events occurring after the addition of the compacts into the melt were studied using water quenched specimens after holding them for a specified time in molten state. The cross sections of these specimens were characterized by SEM as well as optical imaging. The results showed that an optimized amount of flux (10 to 15%wt. in this research) considerably decreases the time to reach more than 90% recovery in comparison with non-fluxed compacts. The flux caused the intermetallic forming reactions to be started considerably sooner in fluxed compacts in comparison with the non-fluxed compact. Consequently, the incubation time decreased from about 180 seconds for non-fluxed compacts to less than 3 seconds for compacts with 10%wt. flux.
M. Mossanef, M. Soltanieh,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Autumn 2008 2008)

Abstract: The possibility of vanadium carbide coating formation on AISI L2 steel was studied in molten salt bath containing 33 wt% NaCl- 67 wt% CaCl2. In this research, the effects of time, temperature and bath composition on growing layer thickness were studied. The vanadium carbide coating treatment was performed in the NaCl-CaCl2 bath at 1173, 1273 and 1373 K temperatures for 3, 6, 9 hours and in bath containing 5, 10, 15, 25 wt% ferrovanadium. The presence of VC formed on the surface of the steel substrate was confirmed by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis. The layer thickness of vanadium carbide and surface hardness ranged between 4.8 to 25.7 µm and 2645 to 3600 HV, respectively. The kinetics of layer growth was analyzed by measuring the depth of vanadium carbide layer as a function of time and temperature. The mean activation energy for the process is estimated to be 133 kJ/ mol.

H. Aghajani, M. Soltanieh, F. Mahboubi, S. Rastegari and Kh. A. Nekouee,
Volume 6, Issue 1 (winter 2009 2009)

Abstract: Formation of a hybrid coating by the use of plasma nitriding and hard chromium electroplating on the surface of H11 hot work tool steel was investigated. Firstly, specimens were plasma nitrided at a temperature of 550 °C for 5 hours in an atmosphere of 25 vol. % H2: 75 vol. % N2. Secondly, electroplating was carried out in a solution containing 250 g/L chromic acid and 2.5 g/L sulphuric acid for 1 hour at 60 °C temperature and 60 A/dm2 current density. Thirdly, specimens were plasma nitrided at a temperature of 550 °C for 5 and 10 hours in an atmosphere of 25 vol. % H2: 75 vol. % N2. The obtained coatings have been compared in terms of composition and hardness. The compositions of the coatings have been studied by X-ray diffraction analysis. The surface morphology and elemental analysis was examined by using scanning electron microscopy. The improvement in hardness distribution after third step is discussed in considering the forward and backward diffusion of nitrogen in the chromium interlayer. Also, the formed phases in the hybrid coating were determined to be CrN+Cr2N+Cr+Fe2-3N+Fe4N.
Arash Yazdani, Mansour Soltanieh, Hossein Aghajani,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2009 2009)

Abstract: In this research plasma nitriding of pure aluminium and effect of iron elemental alloy on the formation and growth of aluminium nitride was investigated. Also corrosion properties of formed AlN were investigated. After preparation, the samples were plasma nitrided at 550oC, for 6, 9 and 12 h and a gas mixture of 25%H2-75%N2. The microstructure and phases analysis were investigated using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Moreover corrosion resistance of samples was investigated using polarization techniques. The results showed that only a compound layer was formed on the surface of samples and no diffusion zone was detected. Dominant phase in compound layer was AlN. Scanning electron microscopy results showed that nitride layer has particulate structure. These nitrided particles have grown columnar and perpendicular to the surface. It was also observed that the existence of iron in the samples increases the nitrogen diffusion, thus growth rate of iron containing nitrides are higher than the others. Corrosion tests results showed that formation of an aluminium nitride layer on the surface of aluminium decreases the corrosion resistance of aluminium significantly. This is due to elimination of surface oxide layer and propagation of cracks in the formed nitride layer
R. Khoshhal, M. Soltanieh, M. Mirjalili,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (winter 2010 2010)


titanium sheets in pure molten aluminum at 750

and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis results, TiAl

intermetallic layer thickness increases slowly at primary stages. After that an enhanced growth rate occurs due to layer

cracking and disruption. Presumably, reaction starts with solving titanium into the molten aluminum causing in

titanium super saturation and TiAl

intermetallic layer which consequently leads to TiAl

energy of intermetallic layer formation and growth was developed by measuring titanium thickness decreases.

In this work, kinetics of intermetallic compounds formation in Al-Ti system was studied by immersingoC, 850 oC and 950 oC. According to Scanning Electron Microscopy3 is the only phase can form at the interface. Observations revealed that3 formation. At this stage, growth may be controlled by aluminum diffusion through3 formation at the interface of Ti-TiAl3. Furthermore, activation

M. R. Parsa, M. Soltanieh,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (june 2012 2012)

In this research, the nickel oxide was dissolved in cryolite at temperatures of 880, 940 and 1000°C. In order to reduce the nickel oxide, aluminum was added to the salt. Simultaneously the nickel oxide was reduced and Al3Ni2 intermetallic compound was formed. In the duration intervals of 2.5-40 minutes samples of the salt and metallic phases were taken. The variation of the nickel content in metallic and salt samples was determined by the AAS. The results indicate that increasing the temperature and duration has a positive effect on the reduction process and Al3Ni2 intermetallic compound formation. The nickel content in the metallic sample has its highest amount at 1000°C in 10 minutes. Furthermore, practical results of the studies of nickel content variations in metallic and salt samples confirm the data obtained from theoretical calculations.
M. Azizi, M. Soltanieh,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (september 2014)

In the present research, to form niobium carbide coating on the surface of AISI L2 steel Thermo-Reactive Deposition method (TRD) in a molten bath was used. Niobium carbide coating treatment was carried out at 1173 K, 1273 K, and 1373 K for 2, 4, and 8 hours. The molten bath contained 20wt.% borax (Na2B4O7), 5 wt.% boric acid (B2O3), and 75 wt.% ferro-niobium. The presence and properties of the coated layer were studied by means of Optical Microscopy (OM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis. The thickness of coating ranged between 6.6 µm to 33µm depending on treatment time, and temperature. The effects of treatment time and temperature on the coating thickness were studied. Kinetic study of the formation of NbC coating showed that growth of the coating is under the control of diffusion. The activation energy of the process was estimated to be 122 kJ/mol. A practical formula to estimate the coating thickness was suggested.
F Foadian, M Soltanieh, M Adeli, M Etminanbakhsh,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (December 2014)

Metallic-intermetallic laminate (MIL) composites are promising materials for structural applications especially in the aerospace industry. One of the interesting laminate composites is the Ti-TiAl 3 multilayer. In this work, commercially pure sheets of aluminum and titanium with almost equal thickness of around 0.5 mm were explosively joined. The achieved multilayers were annealed at 630 ℃in different times so that an intermetallic layer was formed at the Ti/Al interface. The resulting microstructure was studied by optical and scanning electron microscopy and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). TiAl3 was the only intermetallic phase that was observed in all annealing times. The kinetics of the formation of TiAl 3 was investigated and compared to previous research studies performed on Ti-Al multilayers which were fabricated using methods other than explosive welding.
R. Khoshhal, M. Soltanieh, M. A. Boutorabi,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (March 2016)

Al2O3/TiC composites are used as cutting tools for machining gray cast iron and steels. The addition of iron improves the toughness of Al2O3/TiC composites. Ilmenite, aluminum and graphite can be used to produce in-situ Al2O3/TiC–Fe composites. However, the formation mechanism and reaction sequences of this system are not clear enough. Therefore, the present research is designed to determine the reactions mechanism of the first step of reactions that may be occurred between raw materials. In this research, pure ilmenite was synthesized to eliminate the effects of impurities available in the natural ilmenite in the system. The milled and pressed samples, prepared from the synthesized ilmenite, aluminum and graphite mixture with a molar ratio of 1:2:1, were heat treated at 720°C for 48h. In addition, two samples one containing ilmenite and aluminum with a molar ratio of 1:2 and ilmenite and graphite with a molar ratio of 1:1 were heat treated at 720°C for 48h. The final products were analyzed with XRD. It was found that at 720°C, aluminum reacts with FeTiO3, forming Fe, TiO2 and Al2O3. Since the aluminum content used in the mixture was more than the stoichiometry for reaction of ilmenite and aluminum, some unreacted aluminum remains. Therefore, the residual aluminum reacts with the reduced Fe to form Fe2Al5.


M. Soltanieh, M. Kiani, M. Hasheminiasari,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (June 2017)

- The mechanism of diffusion layer growth in plasma nitrided coatings applied on a St52 steel using an active screen is investigated. The nitriding was performed at 450,500 and 550 ◦C temperature nitriding times of 5, 10 and 15 h, in a gas mixture containing 20 vol. % H2: 80 vol. % N2 and DC-pulsed plasma nitriding unit.

The surface, cross section and the thickness of diffusion of specimens was studied in terms of optical and scanning electron microscopy. According to the measurements of diffusion layer thickness, values of Q and D0 for nitrogen diffusion in substrate were calculated as 50585 (j/mol) and 4.11×10-10 (m2/s)respectively. The variations of depth of hardness during nitriding period was determined

Hamed Nadimi, Hossein Sarpoolaky, Mansour Soltanieh,
Volume 20, Issue 4 (December 2023)

In the present investigation, an attempt was made to evaluate the dissolution behavior of Ti in molten KCl-LiCl. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern of heated Ti plate at 800 oC for 4 h without carbon black in molten salt revealed that TiCl3 formation was feasible. For more assurance, Ti plate was heated at 950 oC for 4 h in the presence of carbon black to identify synthesized TiC. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images from precursors and the final product showed that nano-crystalline TiC formation from coarse Ti particles was almost impossible without Ti dissolution. Thermodynamics calculations using Factsage software proved that it was possible to form various TiClx compounds. The TiC formation mechanism can be discussed in two possible ways: a reaction between Ti ion and carbon black for synthesizing TiC (direct) and a reaction between TiCl4 and carbon black led to indirect TiC synthesis. Elemental mapping using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscope (EDS) indicated that up to 815 oC, chlorine existed in the map. 

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