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Showing 16 results for Seyedein

Mehryab A., Arabi H., Tamizifar M., Seyedein S.h., Razazi M.a.,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (Oct 2005)

In this research, the mechanism of joining three sheets of metals, i.e. brass-steel-brass, by cold roll welding process has been studied. For this purpose, the two surfaces of steel sheets were roughened with stainless steel wire brush by different amounts, then the brass sheets were put on both sides of the steel sheets, before they were subjected to cold roll process. During rolling, peaks of the asperities on the surfaces of the steel sheet were pressurized, i.e. deformed, much more than that of trough. Hence, more hardening due to formation of higher dislocation density in the peaks regions were detected in comparison to the trough regions. Therefore, due to the differences in the amounts of work hardening occurred during cold rolling in the peaks & trough of the scratches and also due to the nature of the rough surfaces of the steel sheets, which causes the smooth surface of soft brass sheets laied over the rough surface of the steel sheet to be shappend according to the profile of the steel sheet scratches during cold rolling, mechanical locking occurred at the interface of brass & steel sheets. In addition, while the extrusion of brass took place through cracks within the surface of hardend peaks and metal bonding occurred on the contact points of the brass sheet & the vergin steel. Therefore, it seems two mechanisms were in operation is making a suitable joining between the sheets. One was a locking mechanism due to the roughness of the steel sheets & the other was bonding mechanism due to the bonding between the peak points of the scratches &soft brass surface. The strength of the bonded points in the interface were later increased by annealing the composite, so that by annealing the samples within the 500-900°C range for aperiod of 1 1/2 hr the interface strength increase substantially. The results of peeling test indicated that the interface strength of the samples annealed at 700°C or more increased so much that the brass sheet toms during peeling & the fracture did not pass through the interface.
Arabi H., Seyedein S.h., Satari M., Tabatabaie N.,
Volume 2, Issue 4 (Jul 2005)

Life assessment on the base of grain boundary creep cavitation of 1%Cr - 0.5%Mo low alloy steel has been discussed in this paper. Since microstructural degradation is one of the most important mechanisms that affects creep life, it is necessary to assess microstructural damage in order to estimate the life. Microstructural damage within the grain boundaries is a continuous phenomena starting from about the beginning of secondary stage of creep process. In this research, the amounts of damage accumulation in the form of grain boundary cavitations for various creep times up to the ends of secondary creep stage for each creep condition was found by using quantitative metallography technique, i.e. image analyser. Then from the data obtained for grain boundary area cavitated and number of cavities per unit area, which was about linear as a function of time for each of creep conditions, the amount of damage in the tertiary stage was estimated for various times. Then a creep damage parameter was proposed for the creep process. Finally, having this damage parameter (?) and using continuum damage mechanics (CDM), a new version of Rabotnov-Kachanov equation for tertiary creep rate was established.
S. Kianfar,, S. H. Seyedein, M. R.aboutalebi,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Autumn 2008 2008)

Abstract: The horizontal continuous casting process has received a significant attention for near net shape casting of non ferrous metals and alloys. Numerical Simulation has been widely used for process design and optimization of continuous casting process. In the present study, a 3-dimensional heat flow model was developed to simulate the heat transfer and solidification in a horizontal billet continuous casting system in which the air gap formation and its effect on heat extraction rate from solidifying billet was also considered. In order to test the developed model, it was run to simulate the heat transfer and solidification for an industrial billet caster. The predicted temperature distribution within the mold and billet was compared with those measured on the industrial caster in which a good agreement was obtained. Finally, parametric studies were carried out by validated model to evaluate the effects of different parameters on solidification profile and temperature distribution within the model brass billet. The microstructure of cast billet was analyzed to determine the secondary dendrite arm spacing (SDAS) under different cooling conditions. Based on measured SDAS and predicted solidification rate a correlation between SDAS and cooling rate was proposed for continuously cast brass billet.
B. Mirzakhani,mohammadi, H. Arabi,s. H. Seyedein, M. R. Aboutalebi, M. T. Saleh, Sh. Khoddam,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer 2009 2009)

Abstract:Optimization of specimen geometry before subjecting it to hot torsion test (HTT) is essential for minimizingnon-uniform temperature distribution and obtaining uniform microstructure thought the specimen.In the present study, a nonlinear transient analysis was performed for a number of different geometries andtemperatures using the commercial finite element (FE) package ANSYSTM. FE thermal results then were applied tooptimize HTTspecimen produced from API-X 70 microalloyed steel taking into account the microstructurehomogeneity.  The thermodynamic software Thermo-calcTM was also used to analysis solubility of microalloyingelements and their precipitates that may exist at different equilibrium conditions. In addition the behavior of austenitegrain size during reheating was investigated. The results show high temperature gradient occurred in long specimens.This could lead to non homogeneous initial austenite grain size and alloying element or precipitates within the gaugesection of the specimen. The proposed optimization procedure can in general be used for other materials and reheatingscenarios to reduce temperature. This then creates more homogeneous initial microstructure prior to deformation andreduces errors in post processing of the HTTresults
Bahman Mirzakhani, Hossein Arabi, Mohammad Taghi Salehi,seyed Hossein Seyedein, Mohammad Reza Aboutalebi, Shahin Khoddam, Jilt Sietsma,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2009 2009)


  Recovery and recrystallization phenomena and effects of microalloying elements on these phenomena are of great importance in designing thermomechanical processes of microalloyed steels. Thus, understanding and modeling of microstructure evolution during hot deformation leads to optimize the processing conditions and to improve the product properties.

  In this study, finite element method was utilized to simulate thermomechanical parameters during hot deformation processes. FEM results then were integrated with physically based state variable models of static recovery and recrystallization combined with a realistic microstructural geometry. The thermodynamic software Thermo-calc was also used to predict present microalloying elements at equilibrium conditions.

The model performance was validated using stress relaxation tests. Parametric studies were carried out to evaluate the effects of deformation process parameters on the microstructure development following hot deformation of the API-X70 steel
M. Adeli, M. Shekari, S. H. Seyedein, M. R. Aboutalebi,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring 2010 2010)

Combustion synthesis is a special thermophysico-chemical process applied for production of intermetallic compounds. In the present work, a reaction–diffusion numerical model was developed to analyze the combustion synthesis of aluminide intermetallics by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis process. In order to verify the reliability of the numerical model, an experimental setup was designed and used to perform the combustion synthesis of nickel and titanium aluminides. The developed model was further used to determine the temperature history of a powder mixture compact during self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. The effect of compact relative density on combustion temperature and wave propagation velocity was also studied.

A. Jafaria, S. H. Seyedeina, M. R. Aboutalebia, D. G. Eskinb, L. Katgermanb,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (summer 2010 2010)

ABSTRACT Macrosegregation has been received high attention in the solidification modeling studies. In the present work, a numerical model was developed to predict the macrosegregation during the DC Casting of an Al-4.5wt%Cu billet. The mathematical model developed in this study consists of mass, momentum, energy and species conservation equations for a two-phase mixture of liquid and solid in an axisymmetric coordinates. The solution methodology is based on a standard Finite Volume Method. A new scheme called Semi-Implicit Method for Thermodynamically-Linked Equations (SIMTLE) was employed to link energy and species equations with phase diagram of the alloying system. The model was tested by experimental data extracted from an industrial scale DC caster and a relatively good agreement was obtained. It was concluded that a proper macrosegregation model needs two key features: a precise flow description in the two-phase regions and a capable efficient numerical scheme
S. Ghafurian, S. H. Seyedein, M. R. Aboutalebi, M. Reza Afshar,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (september 2011 2011)

Abstract: Microwave processing is one of the novel methods for combustion synthesis of intermetallic compounds and
composites. This method brings about a lot of opportunities for processing of uniquely characterized materials. In this
study, the combustion synthesis of TiAl/Al2O3 composite via microwave heating has been investigated by the
development of a heat transfer model including a microwave heating source term. The model was tested and verified
by experiments available in the literature. Parametric studies were carried out by the model to evaluate the effects of
such parameters as input power, sample aspect ratio, and porosity on the rate of process. The results showed that
higher input powers and sample volumes, as well as the use of bigger susceptors made the reaction enhanced. It was
also shown that a decrease in the porosity and aspect ratio of sample leads to the enhancement of the process.
P. Samadi, M. Reza Afshar, M. R. Aboutalebi, S. H. Seyedein,
Volume 9, Issue 1 (march 2012 2012)

Electrochemical coating processes are significantly affected by applied magnetic fields due to the generation of electromagnetic forces. The present research work has been undertaken to study the effect of coating parameters such as current density and alumina concentration on the characteristics of Ni-Al2O3 composite coating under static magnetic field. Ni-Al2O3 composite coating was applied on a mild steel substrate using conventional Watts solution containing Al2O3 particles with and without magnetic field. The coating microstructure and Al2O3 particle density in the coating layer were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that the applied magnetic field made the coating structure finer and leads to the increases of the particle content in the coating. However, the results confirmed that the magnetic forces inversely affected the particle density in the coating at higher current density than that of normal coating process.

M. H. Goodarzy, H. Arabi, M. A. Boutorabi, S. H. Seyedein, H. Shahrokhi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (march 2014)

Variation in microstructural features of 2024 aluminum alloy plastically deformed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) at room temperature, was investigated by X-Ray diffraction in this work. These include dislocation density dislocation characteristic and the cell size of crystalline domains. Dislocations contrast factor was calculated using elastic constants of the alloy such as C 11, C 22 and C 44 . The effect of dislocations contrast factor on the anisotropic strain broadening of diffraction profiles was considered for measuring the microstructural features on the base of the modified Williamson-Hall and Warren-Averbach methods. Results showed that the dislocations density of the solution annealed sample increased from 4.28×10 12m-2 to 2.41×10 14m-2 after one pass of cold ECAP and the fraction of edge dislocations in the solution annealed sample increased from 43% to 74% after deformation. This means that deformation changed the overall dislocations characteristic more to edge dislocations. Also the crystalline cell size of the solution annealed sample decreased from 0.83μm to about 210nm after one pass of ECAP process at room temperature
E. Mousavi, M. R. Aboutalebi, S. H. Seyedein, S. M. Abbasi,
Volume 11, Issue 3 (september 2014)

The effect of aging time and temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-13V-11Cr-3Al and Ti-13V-11Cr-3Al-0.2C was studied. The carbon addition increases the rate of age hardening as well as the peak hardness of aged samples. The presence of titanium carbides in Ti-13V-11Cr-3Al-0.2C limits grain growth during the process. The observations in this work are discussed in terms of the effect of the microstructural changes in quenched and aged samples associated with the presence of carbide precipitates
E. Badami, M. T. Salehi, S. H. Seyedein,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (December 2014)

Hot deformation behavior of a medium Cr/Mn Al6061 aluminum alloy was studied by isothermal compression test at temperatures range of 320 to 480 °C and strain rates range of 0.001 to 0.1 s −1. The true stresstrue strain curves were analyzed to characterize the flow stress of Al6061. Plastic behavior, as a function of both temperature and strain rate for Al6061, was also modeled using a hyperbolic sinusoidal type equation. For different values of material constant α in the range of 0.001 to 0.4, values of A, n and Q were calculated based on mathematical relationships. The best data fit with minimum error was applied to define constitutive equation for the alloy. The predicted results of the proposed model were found to be in reasonable agreement with the experimental results, which could be used to predict the required deformation forces in hot deformation processes
A. Eivani, S.h. Seyedein, M. Aboutalebi,
Volume 15, Issue 1 (March 2018)

In this research, samples of AlMg0.7Si aluminum alloy are deformed up to three passes using equal channel angular pressing (ECAP). Formation of a sub-micron structure after three passes of ECAP is demonstrated. Microstructural stability of the samples is investigated at temperatures of 300-500 °C. At 300 °C, fine recrystallized structure forms after 10 min which remains stable when the annealing proceeds up to 18 hrs. However, at 350 °C and higher, the microstructure is quite unstable. Even by 10 sec annealing, the samples exhibit recrystallized structure which turned to abnormal grain growth when temperature enhances to 500 °C and time up to 300 sec.

S. Mortezaei, H. Arabi, H. Seyedein, A. Momeny, M. Soltanalinezhad,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (September 2020)

Dynamic Recrystallization (DRX) is one of the likely mechanisms for fine-graining in metals and alloys. The dynamic recrystallization (DRX) phenomena occurs in different thermo-mechanical processing (TMP) conditions for various metallic materials. DRX depends on various materials and thermo-mechanical parameters such as temperature, strain rate, strain, stress and initial microstructure. in the present study, the restoration mechanism of the 17-7PH stainless steel has been investigated using a hot compression test under different conditions of thermo-mechanical treatment. The microstructural characteristics and the behavior of the hot deformation of the under study steel are investigated using flow curves and microstructure images obtained from optical microscopy. The results show that the maximum and steady state stresses are significantly affected by the strain rate and the deformation temperature. So that, the flow stress increases with decrease in the deformation temperature and increase in the strain rate. Microstructural studies confirm the occurrence of DRX as a restoration mechanism in the microstructure for the two phases of austenite and ferrite.

Hamed Tavakoli, Mohammad Reza Aboutalebi, Seyed Hosein Seyedein, Seyed Nezameddin Ashrafizadeh,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (March 2021)

Separation of samarium and lutetium was investigated through solvent extraction from their mixed aqueous species using commercial extractants of D2EHPA and PC88A. The Response Surface Method (RSM) was utilized to design the solvent extraction experiments. In which, a Central Composite Design (CCD) was applied to set the optimum conditions for highest separation factors between Sm and Lu. Design of Experiments (DOE) was conducted by making use of four operating variables, namely initial pH of the aqueous solutions (A: 0.2–2.6), extractant concentration (B: 0.01-0.09 molar), mole fraction of D2EHPA in the extractant mixture (C: 0 - 0.8) and a type of acidic solution (D: sulfuric and nitric acid) at three levels. The results indicated that the initial pH was the most paramount variable in solvent extraction of samarium and lutetium, while in the case of lutetium, the molar fraction of D2EHPA in the mixed extractants was non-influential. The statistical model predictions were confirmed by experiments for both samarium and lutetium extraction with high validity parameter of 97 and 98%, respectively. The optimum conditions for samarium and lutetium separation were identified as: A=0.8, B= 0.05, C= 0.2 and D= sulfuric acid. According to the findings of the model, the desirability value at the optimum conditions was evaluated as about 0.93, in which 71% of lutetium was extracted while the amount of extracted samarium was only less than 1%.

Hamed Tavakoli, Mohammad Reza Aboutalebi, Hossein Seyedein, Seyed Nezameddin Ashrafizadeh,
Volume 18, Issue 3 (September 2021)

Solvent extraction of samarium from aqueous solutions by two different types of extractants, namely D2EHPA and PC88A, in kerosene was investigated. Through identification of speciation diagrams, the chemically stable complexes of samarium in different acidic solutions (H2SO4, HCl and HNO3) were first investigated. Regarding the various types of samarium species in sulfate medium in comparison with other acidic environments, H2SO4 and HNO3 media were chosen to examine the extraction behavior of samarium complexes. Thermodynamic parameters of samarium extraction reactions by D2EHPA and PC88A from aqueous solutions of HNO3 and H2SO4 were calculated as ∆G (D2EHPA-HNO3),  , ∆G (D2EHPA-H2SO4) , ∆G (PC88A-HNO3), ∆G (PC88A-H2SO4)  equal to -5.58, 3.40, 6.70 and 14.26, and respective ΔHº values equal to -9.38, -2.75, 4.01 and 16.95 kJ/mol, respectively. According to the results, D2EHPA seemed to be a more efficient extractant than PC88A and nitric aqueous solution was a better media than the sulfuric one. The synergistic effect of binary extractants revealed that synergistic factors were 2.94 and 5.74 in sulfuric and nitric solutions, respectively, for a D2EHPA:PC88A ratio of 2:3. The compositions of extracted complexes by D2EHPA and PC88A in sulfuric and nitric solutions were SmH3A6 and SmH3B6, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters of extraction reactions were calculated to be Ke equal to 9.513, 0.254, 0.067, and 0.003 and ∆S (D2EHPA-HNO3),  , ∆S (D2EHPA-H2SO4) , ∆S (PC88A-HNO3), ∆S (PC88A-H2SO4) equal to -12.75, -20.64, -9.03, and 9.03 (J mol-1), respectively.

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