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R. Niazi, E. Tohidlou, H. Khosravi,
Volume 17, Issue 3 (September 2020)

The effects of erbium (Er) addition at various weight percentages (0-0.6 wt.% at an interval of 0.2) on the microstructural characteristics, tensile response and wear properties of as-cast Al-7.5Si-0.5Mg alloy were evaluated. The microstructure of samples was examined by X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The obtained results demonstrated that the incorporation of erbium obviously decreased the α-Al grain size and eutectic Si, and altered the Si morphology from plate to semi-globular. Further addition of erbium (> 0.2 wt.%) did not alter the eutectic morphology and size. Moreover, the Al3Er phase was also observed in the eutectic region after modification. Out of the erbium contents used, 0.2 wt.% erbium showed the best influence on the tensile and wear properties. Compared with those of unmodified specimen, the values of ultimate tensile strength and elongation were enhanced by 31% and 39%, respectively with the introduction of 0.2 wt.% erbium. Additionally, a remarkable enhancement in the wear properties was observed with the addition of 0.2 wt.% erbium.

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