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Showing 9 results for Naghizadeh

F. Kashaninia, H. Sarpoolaky, A. R. Bagheri, R. Naghizadeh, M. Zamanipour,
Volume 8, Issue 4 (december 2011)

Abstract: There have been lots of studies to control the poor hydration resistance of dolomite refractories one of the
most effective solutions has been the addition of magnesia to doloma. Using a co-clinker of magnesia-doloma as a
starting material would provide more homogeneity in the properties of the product and has been published recently.
On the other hand, addition of iron oxide to doloma has been found to increase the hydration resistance. In this paper,
the effect of iron oxide addition on hydration phase analysis and microstructure of two different magnesia- doloma
samples, one with CaO content of 25 wt% and the other one with that of 35 wt% has been investigated. Ten samples
were prepared by pressing followed by firing at 1750 ºC for 3hrs. Results showed that the hydration resistance of the
samples improved by decreasing the CaO content, because CaO is much more prone to hydration comparing to MgO.
Besides, iron oxide addition lead to the formation of iron-containing phases which increased the hydration resistance
of the samples both by capsulating the CaO and MgO grains and by promoting the liquid phase sintering.
M. A. Soleimani, R. Naghizadeh, A. R. Mirhabibi, F. Golestanifard ,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (December 2012)

Metakaolinite-based geopolymer has been synthesized at about 25 °C from metakaolin which has been calcined in different temperatures (600-900 °C) and different Na2O/SiO2 ratio activator (0.3-1.1). Compressive strength and microstructure of cement pastes after 7-28 days curing at ambient temperature were measured. Compressive strength tests on the samples showed that the sample made with calcined kaolin at 700 °C and molar ratio of 0.6 has highest average compressive strength of 32 MPa after 28 days of curing. Evaluation of infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and microstructure showed that geopolymer cement developed and new molecular structure established
M. S. Saghian, R. Naghizadeh, H. Sarpoolaky,
Volume 10, Issue 2 (June 2013)

In this study, the effect of different parameters such as time and temperature of calcination and milling on the formation of calcium aluminosilicates was investigated. Raw materials used in this study were calcium carbonate and kaolin in high purity. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns were obtained from all samples after heat treatment at various temperatures and times. To study the microstructure scanning electron microscope was used. Milling the samples contributed to the amorphous structure due to inducing defects in the structure. Moreover, increasing the milling time reduced crystallization temperature of anorthite. Uptake experiments were performed using solutions containing different concentrations of nickel. Samples were exposed to the solution for 24 h with stirring then the samples were filtered and the concentrations of the cations in the separated solutions were analyzed. FTIR analysis was conducted on the adsorbents before and after nickel uptake. Nevertheless, they hardly helped understand sorption mechanisms. Therefore, adsorption isotherms were studied instead. Three adsorption isotherms of Langmuir, Freundlich and DKR were used to model sorption data. Results suggested monolayer sorption occurs on the surface of the adsorbent and sorption energy calculated by DKR model was 22.36 kJ/mol which can be described as a strong chemical adsorption mechanism
M. Heydari Nasab, R. Naghizadeh, H. Samadi, A. Nemati,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (march 2015 2015)

Ceramic-matrix composites containing TiC-TiN have been used in a variety of application because of their superior properties such as high hardness, good wear resistance and high chemical stability. In this research, effect of coke and coke/calcium beds in synthesis of Al 2O3-Ti(C, N) composites using alumino-carbothermic reduction of TiO 2 has been investigated. Al, TiO 2 and active carbon with additives of extra carbon and NaCl and without additives, in separate procedures, have been mixed. Afterwards, mixtures were pressed and synthesized in 1200oC for 4hrs, in coke and coke/calcium beds, separately. Al 2O3-Ti(C,N) composite was synthesized in ternary system of Al-TiO 2 -C with excess carbon and NaCl additives in calcium/coke bed in 1200 . X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) results showed that existence of calcium in bed resulted in intensification of reduction atmosphere in samples and formation of Ti(C,N) phase enriched from carbon was accelerated. Crystallite sizes of synthesis Ti(C,N) at 1200 °C in reducing conditions were 22-28 nm.
S. M. M. Shafiei, M. Divandari, S. M. A. Boutorabi, Naghizadeh,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (June 2015)

In this work, TiN/TiCN & PN/TiCN multilayer films were deposited by plasma- assisted chemical vapour deposition (PACVD). Plasma nitriding (PN) and TiN intermediate layer prior to coating leads to appropriate hardness gradient and it can greatly improve the mechanical properties of the coating. The composition, crystalline structure and phase of the films were investigated by X-ray diffraction. Atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were employed to observe the morphology and structure of the films. The TiCN layer exhibited a columnar structure. The adhesion force between the film and the tool steel substrate was 30.8 MPa for TiN/TiCN and 25.4 MPa for PN/TiCN film determined by pull off tests. The hardness of TiN/TiCN film was 12.75 GPa while it was 5.4 GPa for PN/TiCN film, respectively. The improvement of the adhesion in TiN/TiCN was attributed to a less gradient hardness configuration. In addition, the mean friction coefficients of the films were about 0.2 for TiN/TiCN and 0.3 for PN/TiCN film determined by nanoindentation tests.
E. Khoshomid Aghdam, R. Naghizadeh, H. R. Rezaie,
Volume 12, Issue 3 (September 2015)

MgAl2O4/Ti(C,N) composites were synthesized through aluminothermic reaction between Al,TiO 2,MgO powders and phenolic resin in coke bed condition. Effect of addition of carbon black and sugar into the mixture at different temperatures were investigated. The phases and microstructures of samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). MgAl 2O4 /Ti(C,N) composites without additive were obtained after heat treatment at 1600˚C. With addition of carbon black TiC, TiN and Ti(C,N) were appeared after firing at 1400˚C and formation of spinel/Ti(C,N) composites were completed at 1600˚C. In sample containing sugar, MgAl2O4 -Ti(C,N) composite were completely synthesized at 1400˚C. In this sample crystallite size of Ti(C,N) were 32 nm and carbon content of titanium carbonitride (Ti(C,N)) reached to 0.442 value.
H. R. Sobhani Kavkani, A. Mortezaei, R. Naghizadeh,
Volume 13, Issue 2 (June 2016)

Different mineral admixtures of Indian metakaolin, Iranian silica fume and nanosilica were used to produce high performance mortars. Two different sands types with grain size of 0.015-4mm were mixed with type II Portland cement, polycarboxylate superplasticizer,mineral admixture with 650kg/m3 cement content and water/cement ratio of 0.35. Different amount of cement was replaced by metakaolin or silica fume (5-15wt%) or nanosilica (0.8-5wt%). After mixing, moulding and curing, compressive strength, electrical resistivity and abrasion resistance were studied. The maximum compressive strength of 28 days samples were 76MPa, 79MPa and 75MPa for 15wt% substitution of cement with metakaolin, silica fume and 5wt% with nanosilica. The compressive strength of these samples showed 28%, 33% and 26% increment in comparison with reference sample, respectively. X-ray patterns showed that replacing silica fume leads to reduction of Portlandite (Ca(OH)2) phase. This can be attributed to the pozzolanic reaction and formation of new hydrated calcium silicate phase (CSH) that caused improvement of strength of admixtures containing samples. The microstructure of silica fume containing sample also showed better bond between sand and matrix. The electrical resistivity of samples with 15wt% metakaolin or silica fume and 5wt% nanosilica reach to 21kΩ.cm, 15 kΩ.cm and 10kΩ.cm, respectively. These samples showed high durability and corrosion resistance relative to reference samples (3.4 kΩ.cm). The abrasion resistance of different admixtures, specially silica fume containing samples were improved.


N. Maskani, R. Naghizadeh, A. Mirhabibi, H. Rezaie,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (March 2017)

The synthesis of micro-sized, uniformly distributed Al2O3-15Vol% Ni powders were studied through three step co-precipitation of hydroxides mixtures from proper solution, calcination at air atmosphere and final step of calcined powders in a carbon bed. Al and Ni hydroxide and amorphous phase were first obtained from their salt’s solutions through chemical co-precipitation method by adjusting pH. The precipitated powders were then calcined to obtain a mixture of their oxides as NiO and NiAl2O4 which were reduced in a carbon bed at various temperatures up to 1300. Proper temperature for calcination in air was determined through TG analysis; 900. SEM observation of powders after reduction, revealed micro-sized Ni particles, along with fin distribution of Ni and Al2O3 elements. XRD analysis of the calcined sample showed the presence of NiAl2O4 and NiO and the same analysis for the reduced sample confirmed the formation of Al2O3 and Ni.    

Zahra Rajabimashhadi, Rahim Naghizadeh,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (March 2022)

ꞵ-tricalcium phosphate (ꞵ-TCP) and anorthite are the main crystalline components in bone china bodies. The difference in their thermal expansion coefficients causes a decrease in the thermal shock resistance of the body. In this study, anorthite was replaced with bone ash at the bone china body, and the effect of this new composition on different properties of bone china, after curing at 1260 °C for 3 hours, was investigated. The results showed that the physical and mechanical properties of the sample containing 50 wt% anorthite compared to the typical bone china improved and only 8.7% of the whiteness index diminished. Also the microstructure of samples containing Anorthite were observed without thermal crack and almost uniform distribution of Anorthite and quartz crystals in the heterogeneous glass matrix.

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