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Showing 5 results for Mahdi

M. Mahdi, A. Abdul-Hameed, B. Ali, H.f Al-Taay,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (March 2020)

Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are synthesized through a metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) method using Si(100) substrates and silver (Ag) as a catalyst. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images confirmed that length of prepared SiNWs was increased when etching time increased. The prepared SiNWs demonstrated considerably low light reflectance at a wavelength range of 200–1100 nm. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the grown SiNWs showed a broad emission band peaked at a wavelength of about 750 nm. A solar cell and photodetector based on heterojunction SiNWs/PEDOT:PSS were fabricated using SiNWs that prepared with different etching time and its J–V, sensitivity, and time response were investigated. The conversion efficiency of fabricated solar cell was increased from 0.39% to 0.68% when wire length decreased from 24 µm to 21 µm, respectively. However, the sensitivity of the heterojunction SiNWs/PEDOT:PSS photodetector was decreased from 53774% to 36826% when wire length decreased from 24 µm to 21 µm, respectively.

Mahdi Alishavandi, Mahnam Ebadi, Amir Hossein Kokabi,
Volume 18, Issue 2 (June 2021)

Friction-Stir Processing (FSP) was applied on AA1050 Aluminum Alloy (AA) to find the highest mechanical properties among 28 combinations of the rotational and traverse speed (800-2000 rpm and 50-200 mm.min-1) and four different tool probe shapes (threaded, columnar, square and triangle). To this aim, the AA standard sheet went through a single pass of FSP. The 1600 rpm and 100 mm.min-1 with threaded tool probe was chosen as the best combination of rotational and traverse speed. Grain size at the Stirred Zone (SZ) was studied using Optical Microscopy (OM). The results showed that the SZ’s grain size was refined from 30 μm down to about 12 μm due to dynamic recrystallization during FSP. The processed sample exhibited improved hardness, yield stress, ultimate tensile strength, elongation up to 65, 80, 66, and 14%, respectively, compared to the annealed AA sample. Studying fractographic features by OM and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) revealed a dominantly ductile fracture behavior.
M.j Kadhim, Fatima Allawi, M. A. Mahdi, Sami Najah Abaas,
Volume 19, Issue 3 (September 2022)

     Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanorods and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures thin films were prepared onto glass substrates by the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method. The ZnO was structured as nanorods (NRs) while TiO2 was formed as nanoflowers plate as confirmed by Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) images. The ZnO/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films were prepared via drop-casting Fe3O4 NPs onto the grown ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures thin films. The diameter of Fe3O4 NPs was deposited onto ZnO NRs thin films and TiO2 nanostructures thin films was ranged from 8nm to 59nm with dominated range between 10nm to 30 nm.  The crystalline structure of prepared samples was investigated through X-ray diffraction (XRD) method. However, the particles size of Fe3O4  was estimated  by XRD as well as FESEM images was around 22 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared ZnO/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films was investigated against methylene blue (MB) dye at room temperature with a pH value of 10 under different exposure time by visible light. The photodegradation rate of MB dye by ZnO/Fe3O4 and TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films was higher than that obtained by ZnO and TiO2 nanostructures thin films. The best photodegradation rate of MB dye was 100% after exposure time of 180 min was obtained by ZnO/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin film whereas it was 82% for TiO2/Fe3O4 nanostructures thin films after exposure time of  240 min.  
Yaser Moazzami, Mahdi Gharabaghi, Ziadin Shafaei Tonkaboni,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (Desember 2022)

Ionic liquids as green solvents with high thermal stability, recyclability, low flash point, and low vapor
pressure, have been considered as a viable alternative in hydrometallurgical processes. In this study the leaching
kinetics of chalcopyrite concentrate was investigated using 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate
(BmimHSO4) as an acidic ionic liquid. The Effect of operational parameters, including temperature, BmimHSO4
concentration, H2O2 concentration, stirring speed, solid-to-liquid ratio, and particle size on the rate of copper
dissolution of CuFeS2 were examined systematically. The highest Cu efficiency (ca. 97%) was achieved using 40%
(w/v) BmimHSO4, 30 %v/v H2O2, and 10 g.L-1 solid to liquid ratio for particle sizes less than 37 μm at 300 rpm and
45°C after 180 min leaching time. Kinetics study using Shrinking Core Model (SCM) revealed that CuFeS2 leaching
process using BmimHSO4 follows chemical reaction-controlled process. Under these circumstances, the calculated
activation energy was 46.66 KJ/mol. Moreover, the orders of reaction with respect to BmimHSO4 and H2O2
concentration, solid to liquid ratio and particle size were estimated to be 0.539, 0.933, −0.676 and −1.101
respectively. The obtained Arrhenius constant was found to be 0.26  106. The calculation of apparent activation
energy using “time given to a fraction method” revealed that the leaching mechanism remains the same over the
course of time.
Hassan Tarikhum, Basil A Abdullah, Furqan Almyahi, Mazin Mahdi,
Volume 20, Issue 2 (June 2023)

In this study, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and fullerene Indene-C60 multi-adducts (ICxA) were blended to create a formulation as a solution and thin films, which were prepared under ambient conditions. The optical properties of various compositional ratios were studied using UV-Visible absorbance and photoluminescence (Pl) measurements. The energy gaps of the prepared thin films and solutions were determined, and their values increased with increasing fullerene ratio because of the isolation of P3HT chains from their neighbors. Intensity ratio (IC=C/IC-C) with a small value in addition to a low value of full width at high maximum (FWHM) of Raman spectra are associated with increased conformation and high aggregation of composition. Furthermore, according to X-ray diffraction  (XRD) results the 1:0.8 and 1:0.6 ratios have the largest crystallite sizes in comparison to the other ratios. The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) levels for blends by electrochemical measurements were determined, which are sandwiched between those of the pure materials. In ambient conditions, binary organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) at different ratios of the photoactive layer were evaluated. The device with a ratio of 1:0.6 had the best performance, with power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 1.21 %, open circuit voltage (VOC) of 0.53 V, short circuit current density (JSC) of  5.71, and fill factor (FF) of 39.5 % at a small Vloss of 1.39 V.

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