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Showing 7 results for Kheirandish

A.nouri, Sh.kheirandish, H. Saghafian,
Volume 5, Issue 4 (Autumn 2008 2008)

Abstract: In the current work, the strain hardening behavior of dual-phase steels with different silicon content (0.34- 2.26 Wt. %) was examined using the modified Crussard-Jaoul analysis. It was shown that these dual-phase steels deform in two stages over a uniform strain range. Each stage exhibited a different strain hardening exponent varying with silicon content. At the first stage, work hardening exponent remind significantly constant, while during the second stage, it decreased with increasing silicon content from 0.34% to 1.51% and then increased for the higher silicon contents (1.51% to 2.26%). It was found that the strain hardening behavior of these steels was predominantly affected by the volume fraction of martensite at low silicon contet and the ferrite strengthening induced by silicon at the higher silicon content. The effect of silicon content on the volume fraction of martensite and tensile properties were also considered.
H. Mohammadzade, Sh. Kheirandish, H. Saghafian,
Volume 6, Issue 2 (Spring 2009 2009)


transition and heat affected zones formed during surface remelting (in order to improve wear resistance) with TIG

process has been investigated. Relationship between various TIG parameters and thickness of remelted and heat

affected zones revealed that a high concentrated heat energy is imposed by TIG process which makes it a proper option

for focused surface treatment. Based on microstructural examinations five areas with different microstructure and

microhardness were identified within the surface area. Graphite flakes were totally dissolved within the first area

leading to the transformation of denderitic austenite to plate martensite and the formation of ledeburite within

interdenderites. The main feature of the second area, resulted from the presence of graphite flakes, was the local

melting with a gap in the vicinity of graphite flakes and that of third area was the formation of finer and denser

martensite plates closer to the graphite flakes compared with those formed at a further distance. In the fourth layer

there is a mixture of martensitic and pearlitic matrix while the matrix of fifth layer has no change of microstructure.

In this study the effect of graphite flakes present in a pearlitic grey cast iron on the microstructure of melted,

A. Noorian, Sh. Kheirandish, H. Saghafian,
Volume 7, Issue 2 (Spring 2010 2010)


mechanical properties of AISIH 13 hot-work tool steel have been studied. Cast samples made of the modified new steel were homogenized and austenitized at different conditions, followed by tempering at the specified temperature ranges. Hardness, red hardness, three point bending test and Charpy impact test were carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties together with characterizing the microstructure of the modified steel using scanning electron microscope. The results show that niobium addition modifies the cast structure of Nb–alloyed steel, and increases its maximum hardness. It was found that bending strength bending strain, impact strength, and red hardness of the modified cast steel are also higher than those of the cast H13 steel, and lower than those of the wrought H13 steel.

In this research, the effects of partially replacing of vanadium and molybdenum with niobium on the
Khodamorad Abbaszadeh, Shahram Kheirandish, Hassan Saghafian,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (summer 2010 2010)

The effects of lower bainite volume fraction on tensile and impact properties of D6AC ultrahigh strength steel were studied in the current work. To obtain mixed microstructures containing martensite and different volume fractions of the lower bainite, specimens were austenitized at 910° C, then quenched in a salt bath of 330°C for different holding times, finally quenched in oil. In order to obtain fully martensitic and bainitic microstructures, direct oil quenching and isothermal transformation heat treatment for 24 hours were used respectively. All specimens were double tempered at 200°C for 2 hours per tempered. Microstructures were examined by optical and scanning electron microscopes. Fracture morphologies were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results showed that both yield and ultimate tensile strength generally decreased with an increase in volume fraction of lower bainite. However, a few exceptions were observed in the mixed microstructures containing 12% lower bainite, showing a higher strength than the fully martensitic microstructure. This can be explained on the basis of two factors. The first is an increase in the strength of martensite due to the partitioning of the prior austenite grains by lower bainite resulting in the refinement of martensite substructures. The second is a plastic constraint effect leading to an enhanced strength of lower bainite by the surrounding relatively rigid martensite. Charpy V-notch impact energy and ductility is improved with increasing the volume fraction of lower bainite.
M. Mahmoudiniya, Sh. Kheirandish, M. Asadi Asadabad,
Volume 14, Issue 1 (March 2017)

Nowadays, Ni-free austenitic stainless steels are being developed rapidly and high price of nickel is one of the most important motivations for this development. At present research a new FeCrMn steel was designed and produced based on Fe-Cr-Mn-C system. Comparative studies on microstructure and high temperature mechanical properties of  new steel and AISI 316 steel were done. The results showed that new FeCrMn developed steel has single austenite phase microstructure, and its tensile strength and toughness were higher than those of 316 steel at 25, 200,350 and 500°C. In contrast with 316 steel, the new FeCrMn steel did not show strain induced transformation and dynamic strain aging phenomena during tensile tests that represented higher austenite stability of new developed steel. Lower density and higher strength of the new steel caused higher specific strength in comparison with the 316 one that can be considered as an important advantage in structural applications but in less corrosive environment

H. Mirzakouchakshirazi, A. Eivani, Sh. Kheirandish,
Volume 14, Issue 4 (December 2017)

Effects of annealing treatment after equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) on the interface properties and shear bond strength of Al/Cu bimetallic rods were investigated. For the as-deformed samples, the one with two passes of ECAP indicated higher shear bond strength. Formation of a layer of intermetallic compounds after annealing treatment is confirmed. In general, by increasing annealing temperature, thickness of intermetallic compounds at the interface increases. Shear bond strength was initially reduced by annealing at 200, 250 and 300 ͦ C and increased at 350 ͦ C. With further increase in annealing temperature to 400 ͦ C, shear bond strength slightly decreased which is correlated to the increased thickness of the intermetallic compounds.

R. Jafari, Sh. Mirdamadi, Sh. Kheirandish, H. Guim,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (September 2018)

In this research, the objective was to investigate the stabilized retained austenite in the microstructure resulting from the Q&P heat treatment since the primary goal in Q&P is to create a microstructure consists of stabilized retained austenite and martensite. For this purpose, a low-alloy steel with 0.4wt. % carbon was treated by quench and partitioning (Q&P) process. The Q&P was conducted at different quench temperatures to obtain a considerable amount of retained austenite, while partitioning temperature and time were kept constant. Through analysis of the XRD profiles, volume percent, carbon concentration, and lattice parameters of retained austenite and martensite were calculated. At quench temperature equal to 160°C, 12vol.% austenite was stabilized to the room temperature, which was the highest amount achieved. The microstructural observations carried out on selected samples, revealed that retained austenite has a nanoscale particle size, about 200nm. Distinguishing retained austenite in the SEM micrographs became possible by utilizing SE2 signals via the difference in phases contrast. Two types of morphology, film-like and blocky type, were identified by means of TEM and TKD and a schematic model was proposed in order to explain these morphologies

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