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Showing 23 results for Hosseini

Yahosseini M.r.s., Simchi A., Varahram N., Davami P.,
Volume 2, Issue 1 (Oct 2005)

In the present work, a model was proposed to predict the thermal history during rapid solidification (RS) of metal droplets in the gas atomization process. The classical theory of heterogeneous nucleation was based on Newtonian heat flow and enthalpy method. Solving the governing numerical equations by the finite difference method (FDM) gave up the opportunity of analyzing the temperature-time history of the droplets during cooling in the RS process. Here, cooling in the liquid state, nucleation and recalescence, segregated solidification, eutectic solidification and cooling in the solid state were considered. To verify the model, the gas atomization of Al-4.5% Cu alloy was studied and the results were compared with the Shukla's model [1]. Convincing agreement was obtained between the predicted undercoolings and the experimental results reported previously.
Hosseini Sh., Arabi H., Tamizifar M., Zeyaei A.a.,
Volume 3, Issue 1 (Oct 2006)

In this research, rotating bending fatigue test at minimum to maximum stress ratio of R=-1 was used for investigating the fatigue behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Both smooth and notched specimens, with elastic concentration factor, kt, of approximately 3.6 and 4.1 were used for this purpose.In addition, the effect of variation in ultimate tensile strength, UTS, on the fatigue behavior of this alloy was studied. S-N curves were drawn and the value of notch sensitivity was obtained or each case.The results showed that the presence of notch in Ti-6Al-4V alloy has a different amount of sensitivity when the notched specimens were subjected to high cycle fatigue (HCF) and low cycle fatigue (LCF) tests. However, the notch sensitivity of this alloy was shown generally to be much lower than steel alloys with similar UTS values. Thus, considering the high compatibility of this alloy with the body environment and its low sensitivity to notch, one can strongly recommend this alloy for use in biomedical application.
Arabi H., Divandari M., Hosseini A.h.m.,
Volume 3, Issue 3 (Jul 2006)

In this research the influence of Ti contents on the amounts of inclusions formation and mechanical properties of a high alloy high strength steel, C300, has been investigated. For this purpose several bars were casted under the same solidification conditions, but different amounts of Ti element. All the seven casted bars were homogenized at 1200°C for a period of 2 hours. Then, they were immediately hot rolled after homogenization so that the out rolling temperature was kept in the range of 1000-1200° C. The specimens were then solution annealed at 820°C for hour and finally they were aged for a period of 3 hours at 500°C. The samples were subjected to tensile, impact and hardness tests in order to relate the variation in volume percent of inclusions due to different amount of Ti, to mechanical properties. The results showed that by increasing the amount of Ti a serious decline in toughness properties of the alloy due to increase in inclusion population occurred. So this research provides a very useful information about the relation between volume fraction of inclusions and mechanical properties of a C300 high strength steel.
Ali. A. Hosseini,, F. Ghaharpour, H. Rajaei ,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer 2009 2009)

Abstract: In this paper‚ the physical and mechanical properties of Al nanocomposite reinforced with CNTs wereinvestigated. High purity Al powder and Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) with different percentage were mixed by ballmilling method and the composite was fabricated by cold pressing followed by sintering technique. The variation ofdensity and hardness of composite with CNTcontent was investigated. The microstructure of composite was evaluatedby SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and XRD (X -Ray Diffraction). The results show that the density and hardnessincrease with CNTpercentage.
A. Bahrami, M. R. Hosseini, M. Pazouki,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2009 2009)


point of view. In this study, a shaking-table was used for concentrating a manganese ore sample from the Ghasem Abad

area in Kerman, Iran. Experiments were designed by using L

The influence of each variable and their interactions on the operation of the device was studied. The variables under

investigation were: table slope, table frequency, water flowrate, feed rate, and particle size. The manganese

concentrate grade, recovery, and separation efficiency were used as response variables. It was shown that water

flowrate, table slope, feed rate, and particle size are the significant variable on concentrate grade while, all the

variables influence manganese recovery. Also, water flowrate, table slope, and table frequency have an important

effect on manganese separation efficiency. Finally, three mathematical models were presented to predict the values of

each response variables.

Among all gravity concentration methods, the shaking-table is the most effective one from the metallurgical8 Taguchi design with five variables, each in two levels.

A. A. Hosseini, A. Sadigzadeh, S. Mohammadi,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (september 2011 2011)

Abstract: In this study, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grown directly in the pores of micro porous pyrex membranes
and consequently ceramic membranes with very fine pores and high porosity were achieved. Our experiment was done
in two stages. Initially cobalt powder with different percent was homogeneously mixed with pyrex powder. In order to
produce row membranes, each of these mixtures were compacted in the form of tablet by use of a uniaxial cold press
and in a stainless steel mould, and then the tablets were sintered at different temperature in an electric furnace. In
second stage chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method was used to grow CNTs within the pores of the membranes.
Argon and ammonia were used as carrier and reactive gas respectively and acetylene was used as the carbon
feedstock. Morphology of the membranes before and after CVD process was studied by scanning electron microscopy
(SEM). After CVD process CNTs were grown in the pores of membranes and the pores size was decreased but total
porosity of the membrane was not changed considerably. In this way membranes with high porosity and fine pores were
Dr Ali Darehkordi, Mr Mohammad Sadegh Hosseini,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (september 2012)

Montmorillonite modified is an efficient environmental friendly catalyst under one-pot-three-component synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidine-2(1H) ones. The preparation was performed with an aldehyde, 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds, urea or thiourea under solvent-free conditions. In comparison with the other methods of Biginelli reaction, this new method has short reaction time inexpensive catalyst and in addition excellent yields were obtained.
A. Fattah-Alhosseini, H. Farahani,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (december 2013)

The effects of H2SO4 concentration on the electrochemical behaviour of passive films formed on AISI 304 stainless steel were investigated using by potentiodynamic polarization, Mott–Schottky analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Potentiodynamic polarization indicated that the corrosion potentials were found to shift towards negative direction with an increase in solution concentration. Also, the corrosion current densities increase with an increase in solution concentration. Mott–Schottky analysis revealed that the passive films behave as n-type and p-type semiconductors at potentials below and above the flat band potential, respectively. Also, Mott– Schottky analysis indicated that the donor and acceptor densities are in the range 1021 cm-3 and increased with solution concentration. EIS data showed that the equivalent circuit Rs(Qdl[Rct(RrQr)]) by two time constants is applicable.
A. Fattah-Alhosseini, O. Imantalab,
Volume 11, Issue 2 (June 2014)

In this study, effect of immersion time on the electrochemical behaviour of AISI 321 stainless steel (AISI 321) in 0.1 M H 2SO 4 solution under open circuit potential (OCP) conditions was evaluated by potentiodynamic polarization, Mott–Schottky analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Mott–Schottky analysis revealed that the passive films behave as n-type and p-type semiconductors at potentials below and above the flat band potential, respectively. Also, Mott–Schottky analysis indicated that the donor and acceptor densities are in the range 1021 cm-3 and increased with the immersion time. EIS results showed that the best equivalent circuit presents two time constants: The high-medium frequencies time constant can be correlated with the charge transfer process and the low frequencies time constant has been associated with the redox processes taking place in the surface film. According to this equivalent circuit, the polarization resistance (interfacial impedance) initially increases with the immersion time (1 to 12 h), and then it is observed to decreases. This variation is fully accordance with potentiodynamic polarization results
A Fattah-Alhosseini, M Asadi Asadabad,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (December 2014)

Four compositions of austenitic Mn-Cr steels have been developed successfully for in-vessel component materials in power plant industry. The phase stability of these Mn-Cr steels was studied by and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns. XRD patterns have shown that the matrix of these Mn-Cr steels is a single γ-phase structure. The potentiodynamic polarisation curves suggested that these fabricated Mn-Cr steels showed passive behaviour in 0.1M H2SO 4solution. Therefore, semiconducting behaviour of passive film formed on these fabricated Mn-Cr steels in 0.1M H2SO 4 solution was evaluated by Mott–Schottky analysis. This analysis revealed that passive films behave as n-type and p-type semiconductors. Based on the Mott–Schottky analysis, it was also shown that donor and acceptor densities are in the order of 1021 cm -3 and are comparable for other austenitic stainless steels in acidic environments
A. Fattah-Alhosseini, M. Ranjbaran, S. Vajdi Vahid,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (June 2015)

In this study, corrosion behaviour of A356-10 vol.% SiC composites casted by gravity and squeeze casting is evaluated. For this purpose, prepared samples were immersed in HCl solution for 1h at open circuit potential. Tafel polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were carried out to study the corrosion resistance of composites. The Tafel polarization and EIS studies of the corrosion behaviour of the A356-10 vol.% SiC composites showed that the corrosion resistance of the composite casted by squeeze casting was higher than that of the composites casted by gravity in selected corrosion media. Also, the Tafel polarization and EIS studies revealed that the corrosion current densities of both composites increase with the increase in the concentration of HCl. The micrographs of scanning electron microscope (SEM) clearly showed the squeeze casting composite exhibits a good dispersion/matrix interface compared to that of the composites produced by gravity casting
A. Jafari Tadi, S.r. Hosseini, M. Naderi Semiromi,
Volume 14, Issue 3 (September 2017)

Influence of formation of surface nano/ultrafine structure using deep rolling on plasma nitriding and tribological properties of the AISI 316L stainless steel was investigated. Initially, the deep rolling process was carried out on the bar-shaped specimens at 15 cycles with 0.2 mm/s longitudinal rate and 22.4 rpm bar rotation. Then, plasma nitriding treatment was applied on the as-received and deep rolled kinds at 450 °C and H2-25% Vol. N2 gas mixture for 5­ h. Surface micro-hardness and un-lubricated pin-on-ring sliding wear tests were carried out on the as-received, deep rolled, plasma nitrided and deep rolled-plasma nitrided kinds. Results revealed that deep rolled-plasma nitrided kind is shown the highest wear resistance than the others, due to the further increased surface hardness achieved via the combined process.

A. Bahrami, M. R. Hosseini, F. Kazemi, S. Kheiri, M. Bakhshi, M. H. Rahimi,
Volume 16, Issue 1 (March 2019)

Petroleum coke contains high amounts of carbon and is used in the manufacturing of anode electrodes for the aluminum extraction. In the process of aluminum production, some particles separate from anodes as waste which contain petroleum coke. Therefore, recycling and processing of these petroleum coke particles is the subject of this study. The ash content reduced to 31% and 13% in the jig and shaking table concentrate, respectively. These two steps were considered as the pre-processing methods and heavy media separation was used to decrease the ash content much more. Finally, flotation was performed in order to purify the particles with the size of less than one millimeter.
Amir Hosein Paryab, Sorosh Abdollahi, Rashid Khalilifard, Hamid Reza Madaah Hosseini,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (March 2021)

  As an alternative to conventional fertilizers, e.g. NPK (the Nitrogen-Phosphorous-Potassium containing chemical fertilizers) which release their nutrients in a short period of time, due to high solubility in irrigation water, glass fertilizers are ideal as they release macro- and micronutrients for crops and plant nourishment. Also, despite conventional ones, they have no ground-water pollution. In the present study, glass fertilizers were synthesized via Polymer-Derived Ceramics (PDC) method. Despite the melt-casting procedure, PDC needs lower temperatures in heat treatment. The precursors consist of poly-siloxane and active fillers. Thus, thanks to gaseous release during heat treatment of the present active fillers, i.e. Ca(OH)2, MgCO3, and Al(OH)3, a porous microstructure can be generated. In order to manipulate the pore size and specific surface area, fractions of active fillers were used as calcined. The experiments showed that upon increase of non-calcined active fillers, the specific surface area and the amount of porosity was increased due to more gaseous release during heat treatment. Thus, affected by microstructure, the release rate of macro and micro-elements was higher in the sample containing non-calcined active fillers, in comparison to other samples. Additionally, the porous samples were able to be loaded by extra nutrients containing Nitrogen, like KNO3.
Mitra Ghannadi, Hediye Hosseini, Bagher Mohammad Sadeghi, Bahman Mirzakhani, Mohammad Tahaaha Honaramooz,
Volume 18, Issue 3 (September 2021)

The objective of the present paper is to investigate the effects of rapid heating and cryogenic cooling on on the microstructure and tensile properties of Al-Cu-Mg. The specimens were subjected to three heat treatment cycles in which the Infrared heating (IR) were used as the heating medium at the ageing stage, and the liquid nitrogen and water were used as the quenching mediums. The ageing temperature and time were 190⁰C and from 2 hours to 10 hours, respectively.The results indicated that by using IR at the ageing stage, the hardening rate enhanced because the rapid heating via this method leads to faster diffusion of the alloying elements. Moreover, the high density of nano-sized precipitates formed during ageingleads to higher strength and suitable ductility. Cryogenic treatment showed a negligible effect on both microstructure and tensile properties; however, it improved ductility. Overall, the combination of a high heating rate and cryogenic treatment led to the highest mechanical properties. SEM micrograph of the fracture surface of alloy demonstrated that in Cryogenic treatment+Artificial Ageing (CAA) condition, the surface had been fully covered by deep dimples in contrast to the Cryogenic treatment+Infrared Heating (CIR) and Water-Quench+ Infrared Heating (QIR) conditions which their dimples were shallow and also some facets were observed.
Yemurai Vengesa, Arash Fattah-Alhosseini, Hassan Elmkhah, Omid Imantalab,
Volume 18, Issue 4 (December 2021)

The main purpose of this investigation is to assess the effect of post-deposition annealing treatment on the electrochemical behavior of TiN coating developed on AISI 304 stainless steel substrate using cathodic arc evaporation physical vapor deposition (CAE-PVD). Post-annealing treatment at 400 ºC was performed on the coated substrate for 1 h. The studied samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), potentiodynamic polarization (PDP), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests. The preferred orientation of TiN (111) was identified by XRD patterns and the crystallinity of the coating increased after annealing treatment. SEM observations indicated that TiN coatings free of cracks were successfully developed on the substrate. The electrochemical measurements elucidated that the annealed coating had better corrosion resistance compared to that of the as-deposited coating with a lower current corrosion density. This investigation implied that improved corrosion performance of the TiN coating can achieved by performing post-deposition annealing treatment.
Mojtaba Hosseini, Ali Allahverdi, Mohammad Jaafar Soltanian Fard,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (March 2022)

The aim of the present research work is to evaluate the feasibility of processing and utilizing steel slag
in binary and ternary cement blends with limestone. The physical and microstructural properties of binary and
ternary composite cements produced by inter-grinding mixtures of ordinary Portland cement clinker, processed
steel slag and limestone in a laboratory ball mill with replacement levels varying from 0 wt.% to 30 wt.% were
studied. The effects of processed steel slag and limestone incorporation on density of dry cement mixes and water
consistency, setting time and volume stability of fresh and hardened cement pastes were investigated. Also,
density, water absorption, total open pore volume (%) and compressive strength of cement mortars were measured.
The mix with 15 wt.% limestone and 15 wt.% processed steel slag was selected as a typical ternary cement mix
for complementary studies including X-ray diffractometry, thermal gravimetry, Fourier-transform infrared
spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy analyses. The results show that removal of relatively high
metallic content of steel slag increases its grindability for mechanical activation and improves its hydraulic
properties effectively and makes it suitable for being recycled in cement industry. The results show that
mechanical activation of the cement mixes enhances the poor hydraulic activity of the processed steel slag and
compensates the strength loss to some extent. The physical and chemical properties of all studied composite
cement mixes comply with ASTM standard specifications, except the compressive strength of the cement mixes
at 28-days containing 20 wt.% or higher amounts of limestone ground to the relatively low Blaine specific surface
area of about 3000 cm2/g.

Parviz Parviz Mohamadian Samim, Arash Fattah-Alhosseini, Hassan Elmkhah, Omid Imantalab,
Volume 19, Issue 1 (March 2022)

In this study, CrN/ZrN multilayer nanostructured coatings with different bilayers (10, 20, and 30) were created by the cathodic arc evaporation. The electrochemical behavior of samples was evaluated by polarization and impedance spectroscopy tests in the Ringer medium and the pin on disk test was used to investigate the tribological behavior of the samples. The results of measurements showed that the electrochemical and tribological behavior of the coatings depends on the number of bilayers and by rising the number of bilayers, the coating shows higher corrosion resistance and better tribological performance. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) images of the specimens after exposure to the corrosion medium showed that the number of surface cavities were formed by the coating that had the highest number of bilayers comparing with other coatings were quite fewer in number and smaller in diameter. The results of the pin on disk test showed that by increasing the number of bilayers from 10 to 30, the coefficient of friction and wear rate decreased and the 30L coating ‌showed better wear resistance.
Amirhossein Kazemi, Arash Fattah-Alhosseini, Maryam Molaei, Meisam Nouri,
Volume 19, Issue 2 (June-Biomaterials Special Issue- 2022)

In this study, for the first time, the Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) nanoparticles (NPs) with the size of about 25 nm were added to the phosphate-based electrolyte, and the characteristics and properties of the obtained plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coating on AZ31 Mg alloy was investigated. The results of the potentiodynamic polarization measurements revealed that after one week of exposure to simulated body fluid (SBF) solution, the coating with Mg2SiO4 NPs possessed 12.30 kΩ cm2 polarization resistance, which was more than two times greater than that of the coating without NPs. The thicker coating layer, lower wettability, and also presence of Mg2SiO4 NPs inside the pores were responsible for enhanced corrosion protection in the Mg2SiO4 NPs incorporated coating. After three weeks of immersion in SBF solution, the in-vitro bioactivity test results indicated the ability of the NPs-containing coating to form apatite (Ca/P ratio of 0.92) was weaker than the coating without NPs (Ca/P ratio of 1.17). This could be attributed to the lower wettability of the coating with NPs and supports that the addition of the nanoparticles is not beneficial to the bioactivity performance of the coating. 
Erfan Lotfi-Khojasteh, Hassan Elmkhah, Meisam Nouri, Omid Imantalab, Arash Fattah-Alhosseini,
Volume 19, Issue 4 (Desember 2022)

This paper aims to study the tribological and electrochemical properties of the CrN/AlCrN nano-layer deposited on H13 tool steel. Arc physical technique was employed to deposit multilayer coating. X-ray diffraction technique, thermionic and field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy have been used to determine the characteristics of the samples. To study the samples' wear behavior, coating adhesion, and surface hardness, reciprocating wear test, Rockwell-C test, and microhardness Vickers tester were employed, respectively. The measured values of the coefficient of friction and the calculated wear rates showed that the CrN/AlCrN multilayer coating has a much higher wear resistance than the uncoated sample. The coefficient of the friction of the coated sample was 0.53 and that of the uncoated sample was 0.78. Moreover, the wear rate of the coated H13 steel was about 127 times lower than the bare H13 steel sample. The results obtained from electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and polarization tests demonstrated that the corrosion current density of the H13 steel sample was 8 μA/cm2 and that of the CrN/AlCrN multilayer-coated sample was 3 μA/cm2. In addition, the polarization resistance of the treated and the substrate specimens was estimated at 4.2 and 2.7 kΩ.cm2, respectively.

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