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Showing 4 results for Heydari

M. Heydari Nasab, R. Naghizadeh, H. Samadi, A. Nemati,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (march 2015 2015)

Ceramic-matrix composites containing TiC-TiN have been used in a variety of application because of their superior properties such as high hardness, good wear resistance and high chemical stability. In this research, effect of coke and coke/calcium beds in synthesis of Al 2O3-Ti(C, N) composites using alumino-carbothermic reduction of TiO 2 has been investigated. Al, TiO 2 and active carbon with additives of extra carbon and NaCl and without additives, in separate procedures, have been mixed. Afterwards, mixtures were pressed and synthesized in 1200oC for 4hrs, in coke and coke/calcium beds, separately. Al 2O3-Ti(C,N) composite was synthesized in ternary system of Al-TiO 2 -C with excess carbon and NaCl additives in calcium/coke bed in 1200 . X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) results showed that existence of calcium in bed resulted in intensification of reduction atmosphere in samples and formation of Ti(C,N) phase enriched from carbon was accelerated. Crystallite sizes of synthesis Ti(C,N) at 1200 °C in reducing conditions were 22-28 nm.
A. Kermanpur, H. Ebrahimiyan, A. Heydari, D. Heydari, M. Bahmani,
Volume 14, Issue 4 (December 2017)

Formation of stray grain defects particularly around re-entrant features of the turbine blade airfoils is one of the major problems in directional and single crystal solidification processes. In this work, directional solidification tests of the GTD-111 Ni-based superalloy were conducted at different withdrawal velocities of 3, 6 and 9 mm.min-1 using various stepped cylindrical and cubic designs. The process was also simulated using ProCAST finite element solver to characterize the crystal orientations. The phase transformation temperatures of the superalloy were estimated by the differential scanning calorimetry test. A process map was developed to predict the formation of stray grains in the platform regions of the stepped cylindrical and cubic specimens using the experimentally-validated simulation model. The process map shows critical values of the platform size, withdrawal velocity and initial sample size for the stray grain formation. The withdrawal velocity, platform size and initial sample size all had an inverse effect on the formation of stray grains.

Reza Mirahmadi Babaheydari, Seyed Oveis Mirabootalebi, Gholam Hosein Akbari Fakhrabadi,
Volume 18, Issue 1 (March 2021)

Cu-based alloys have a wide range of applications in the electronics industry, communications industry, welding industries, etc. Regarding the type and percentage of the second phase, changing in the alloying elements has a significant effect on the mechanical and electrical properties of copper composites. The aim of the present work is to synthesize, investigate, and compare the micro-structure, micro-hardness, and electrical properties of different Cu-based nanocomposites. For this purpose, Cu-Al, Cu-Al2O3, Cu-Cr, and Cu-Ti were fabricated via ball milling of copper with 1, 3, and 6 weight percentages. The vial speed was 350 rpm and the ball-to-powder weight ratio was kept at 15:1. The milling process was performed at different times in Argon. Next, the prepared composites were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Based on XRD patterns, crystallite size, lattice strain, and lattice constant were calculated by Rietveld refinement using Maud software. The results show a decrease of crystallite size, and an increase of the internal strain and lattice constant by rising the alloying elements in all composites. Then, the produced powders compressed via the cold press and annealed at 650˚C. Finally; the micro-hardness and the electrical resistance of the manufactured tablets were measured. The results of these analyses show that micro-hardness is increased by enhancement of the reinforcement material, due to the rising of the work hardening. Cu-6wt%Ti with 312 Vickers and Cu-1wt%Al2O3 with 78 Vickers had the highest and lowest micro-hardness, respectively. Moreover, the results of the electrical resistance indicate a dramatic rise in the electrical resistance by increasing the amount of alloying material, which Cu-1wt%Al with 0.26 Ω had the highest electrical conductivity.
Ahad Saeidi, Sara Banijamali, Mojgan Heydari,
Volume 21, Issue 2 (June 2024)

This study explores the fabrication, structural analysis, and cytocompatibility of cobalt-doped bioactive glass scaffolds for potential applications in bone tissue engineering. A specific glass composition modified from Hench's original formulation was melted, quenched, and ground to an average particle size of 10 μm. The resulting amorphous powder underwent controlled sintering to form green bodies and was extensively characterized using simultaneous differential thermal analysis (DTA), Raman spectroscopy, and Fourier Transform Infrared analysis (FTIR). After mixing with a resin and a dispersant, the composite was used in digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing to construct scaffolds with interconnected macropores. Thermal post-treatment of 3D printed scaffolds, including debinding (Removing the binder that used for shaping) and sintering, was optimized based on thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and the microstructure was examined using FE-SEM and XRD. In vitro bioactivity was assessed by immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF), while cytocompatibility with MC3T3 cells was evaluated through SEM following a series of ethanol dehydrations. The study validates the fabrication of bioactive glass scaffolds with recognized structural and morphological properties, establishing the effects of cobalt doping on glass behavior and its implications for tissue engineering scaffolds. Results show, Low cobalt levels modify the glass network and reduce its Tg to 529 oC, while higher concentrations enhance the structure in point of its connectivity. XRD results shows all prepared glasses are amorphous nature, and DTA suggests a concentration-dependent Tg relationship. Spectroscopy indicates potential Si-O-Co bonding and effects on SiO2 polymerization. Cobalt's nucleating role promotes crystalline phases, enhancing bioactivity seen in rapid CHA layer formation in SBF, advancing the prospects for bone tissue engineering materials.

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