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Showing 7 results for Hashemi

M. Kadkhodaee, H. Daneshmanesh, B. Hashemi, J. Moradgholi,
Volume 11, Issue 1 (march 2014)

Accumulative roll-bonding process (ARB) is an important severe plastic deformation technique for production of the ultrafine grained, nanostructured and nanocomposite materials in the form of plates and sheets. In the present work, this process used for manufacturing Al/SiO 2 nanocomposites by using Aluminum 1050 alloy sheets and nano sized SiO 2 particles, at ambient temperature. After 8 cycles of ARB process, the tribological properties and wear resistance of produced nanocomposites were investigated. The wear tests by abrasion were performed in a pinon-disc tribometer. Results show that by increasing ARB cycles and the amount of nano powders, the friction coefficient of produced nanocomposites decreases.
R. Sarjahani, M. Sheikhattar, S. Javadpour, B. Hashemi,
Volume 13, Issue 1 (March 2016)

Surface smoothness of ceramic glazes is always an important characteristic of ceramic glazes as a point of surface engineering studies. Surface roughness affects chemical resistivity, glossiness and stainabiliy of glazes. In fact, less surface roughness improves cleanability of the surface by the least usage amount of detergents. In this investigation, surface topography of two common opaque glazes, zirconia and titania-based, has been investigated. Crystallinity of the surface has been studied from SEM images, and comparison of EDS elemental results with phase analysis results of XRD. Surface roughness profile measured by Marsurf M300, shows that titania-based glaze is almost 24% percentage more smooth than zirconia based glaze. Surface smoothness is in relation with crystallinity of glaze surface, crystal type and crystal distribution in amorphous matrix phase


M. Soltanieh, M. Kiani, M. Hasheminiasari,
Volume 14, Issue 2 (June 2017)

- The mechanism of diffusion layer growth in plasma nitrided coatings applied on a St52 steel using an active screen is investigated. The nitriding was performed at 450,500 and 550 ◦C temperature nitriding times of 5, 10 and 15 h, in a gas mixture containing 20 vol. % H2: 80 vol. % N2 and DC-pulsed plasma nitriding unit.

The surface, cross section and the thickness of diffusion of specimens was studied in terms of optical and scanning electron microscopy. According to the measurements of diffusion layer thickness, values of Q and D0 for nitrogen diffusion in substrate were calculated as 50585 (j/mol) and 4.11×10-10 (m2/s)respectively. The variations of depth of hardness during nitriding period was determined

H. Esfandiar, S. M. Hashemianzadeh, S. Saffary, S. Ketabi,
Volume 15, Issue 3 (September 2018)

Gold nanoparticles have become common in many applications of biotechnology due to their specific properties. Shape and size are important attributes which affect their solubility in water. In this study, the outcomes of Monte Carlo Simulation for the solvation of gold nanorods in aqueous solution with the different radii, in terms of solvation free energy, are discussed. Simulation results show a negative solvation free energy for all the samples with radii of 4 to 9Å. The results show that the absolute values of solvation free energy for gold nanorods with smaller radius are larger, which indicate the dependency between the gold nanorods solvation and their radius.
M. Fallah Tafti, M. Sedighi, R. Hashemi,
Volume 15, Issue 4 (December 2018)

In this study, the microstructural variations, mechanical properties and forming limit diagrams (FLD) of Al 2024 aluminum alloy sheet with the thickness of 0.81mm are investigated during natural ageing (T4) treatment. The most formability in Al 2024 can be achieved just after solution treatment, and it is better to perform the forming process, on this aluminum alloy sheet, in this condition. However, in industrial applications, there is usually a postponement for some hours after solution treatment to begin the forming process that it means the forming process should be done at the natural ageing condition. This condition decreases the formability of Al 2024 sheets. To monitor the properties variations in natural ageing condition, FLDs are determined after specific times (e.g., 0.5, 1.5, 4 and 24 hours). The variations in micro-hardness, yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation at break are observed with changing the ageing time. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) investigations illustrated that density and size of precipitates are changed with ageing time. Moreover, the Nakazima test is utilized to study the forming limits considering the natural ageing condition. Results show by increasing the ageing time, up to 4hr, the majority of properties variations could be seen, and from 4hr to 24hr, the variations are changed slower.
A. Allahverdi, H. Hashemi, M. Mahinroosta,
Volume 17, Issue 1 (March 2020)

This work evaluates the resistance of alkali-activated slag (AAS) mortar against sodium sulfate attack. The effects of immersion in 5% sodium sulfate solution under room temperature and wetting-drying cycles on the compressive strength of mortar specimens were considered for evaluating the extent of degradation. Mortar specimens prepared from type II and V Portland cements (PC2 and PC5) in accordance with ASTM standard were also used as reference. To characterize the chemical products of the degradation process due to sodium sulfate attack, the specimens were also studied by X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, and the elemental analysis by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. After 360 days of exposure to the sodium sulfate solution, PC2, PC5 and AAS cements showed 71, 52 and 45% reduction in compressive strength, respectively. According to the obtained results, AAS cement exhibits a higher sulfate resistance compared to PC2 and PC5.

Sh. Foroutan, M. Hashemian, A. Khandan,
Volume 17, Issue 4 (December 2020)

In this article, a novel bio-nanocomposite consists of sodium alginate polymer-based graphene nanosheet enhanced incorporating wollastonite containing various amount of graphene nanosheet were produced using freeze-drying technique. The bio-nanocomposites were mechanically and biologically evaluated using tensile strength and biological test. The phase and topological characterization were conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Subsequently, based upon Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam theories (EBT and TBT), the buckling responses of the porous bio-nanocomposite soft tissue are analyzed corresponding to various graphene amounts. In order to solve the governing equations a sufficient numerical solution is proposed. Elastic modulus and mass density of the porous bio-nanocomposite are extracted from the experimental tests. The obtained results indicated the sample with 1 wt% graphene sheet has shown proper mechanical and biological features. Therefore, the sample with 1 wt% graphene sheet can be used as potential case for light weight bone substitute applications.

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