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Showing 82 results for Ali

Jalil Vahdati Khaki, Salman Hadji Soleimani, Mohsen Moosavi Nejad,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (winter & spring 2007 2007)
Abstract

Abstract: The direct reduction of copper sulfide concentrate from Iranian Sarcheshme deposits with carbon in the presence of lime was investigated in the temperature range of 800-1000 ºC. The reduction kinetics was determined by means of weight loss measurements. It was found that the rate of reaction increased considerably with increasing the temperature. The kinetics was also improved when large excesses of lime and carbon were present in the mixture. The effects of catalytic additives of Na2CO3 and K2CO3 were also investigated. It was realized that the rate of reaction increased by higher concentrations of additives. X-ray diffraction analysis of reduced samples revealed that sulfur was fixed as solid CaS, and metallic copper was formed.
B. Alinejad1,, H. Sarpoolaky1,, A. Beitollahi1, S. Afshar2,
Volume 4, Issue 1 (winter & spring 2007 2007)
Abstract

Abstract: Nanocrystalline MgAl2O4 spinel powder was synthesized using metal nitrates and a polymer matrix-based composed of sucrose and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The precursor and the calcined powders were characterized by simultaneous thermal analysis (STA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). According to XRD results, the inceptive formation temperature of spinel via this technique was between 600°C and 700°C. The average crystallite size of calcined powder at 800°C for 2h was in the range of 8-12nm. In addition, SEM micrograph showed that the synthesized powder had a spherical morphology.
A. R. Kamali, S. M. M. Hadavi, H. Razavizadeh, J. Fahim,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (spring 2008 2008)
Abstract

Abstract: Production of titanium aluminides in TiO2-Al-Ca system has been investigated. For this purpose, different compositions of raw materials were studied in a special reaction vessel. In a special case, the non-completed reaction of TiO2 with Al and Ca resulted in the production of granulates of titanium aluminides especially Ti3Al and other Ti – Al phases as the metallic product and Ca12Al14O33 as the non-metallic product. Remelting of metallic granulates led to production of TiAl ingot.
William L. Headrick,, Alireza Rezaie, William G. Fahrenholtz,
Volume 5, Issue 2 (spring 2008 2008)
Abstract

gasification (BBLG). One particularly harsh application is linings for gasifiers used in the treatment of black liquor (BL). Black liquor is a water solution of the non-cellulose portion of the wood (mainly lignin) and the spent pulping chemicals (Na2CO3, K2CO3, and Na2S). Development of new refractory materials for the black liquor gasification (BLG) application is a critical issue for implementation of this technology. FactSage® thermodynamic software was used to analyze the phases present in BL smelt and to predict the interaction of BL smelt with different refractory compounds. The modeling included prediction of the phases formed under the operating conditions of high temperature black liquor gasification (BLG) process. At the operating temperature of the BLG, FactSage® predicted that the water would evaporate from the BL and that the organic portion of BL would combust, leaving a black liquor smelt composed of sodium carbonate (70-75%), potassium carbonate (2-5%), and sodium sulfide (20-25%). Exposure of aluminosilicates to this smelt leads to significant corrosion due to formation of expansive phases with subsequent cracking and spalling. Oxides (ZrO2, CeO2, La2O3, Y2O3, Li2O, MgO and CaO) were determined to be resistant to black liquor smelt but non-oxides (SiC and Si3N4) would oxidize and dissolve in the smelt. The other candidates such as MgAl2O4 and BaAl2O4 were resistant to sodium carbonate but not to potassium carbonate. LiAlO2 was stable with both sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate. Candidate materials selected on the basis of the thermodynamic calculations are being tested by sessile drop test for corrosion resistance to molten black liquor smelt. Sessile drop testing has confirmed the thermodynamic predictions for Al2O3, CeO2, MgO and CaO. Sessile drop testing showed that the thermodynamic predictions were incorrect for ZrO2.
Ali. A. Hosseini,, F. Ghaharpour, H. Rajaei ,
Volume 6, Issue 3 (Summer 2009 2009)
Abstract

Abstract: In this paper‚ the physical and mechanical properties of Al nanocomposite reinforced with CNTs wereinvestigated. High purity Al powder and Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) with different percentage were mixed by ballmilling method and the composite was fabricated by cold pressing followed by sintering technique. The variation ofdensity and hardness of composite with CNTcontent was investigated. The microstructure of composite was evaluatedby SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) and XRD (X -Ray Diffraction). The results show that the density and hardnessincrease with CNTpercentage.
Seyyed Masood Bagheri , Jamal Zamani, Ali Mehdipour Omrani,
Volume 6, Issue 4 (Autumn 2009 2009)
Abstract

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to produce scarf joint through explosive welding process (EXW). The scarf weld is a process in which the final bond interface is oblique. With applying the explosive welding technique, this joint can create a metallic bond between similar or dissimilar metals. In this study, chamfered end of aluminum and copper plates were joined explosively and named scarf joint, employing changes in chamfered angle at different stand-off distance and explosive loading. The geometry of scarf joint enables consideration of both flyer and base plate thickness and explosive loading and the effects on mechanical properties of interface such as bond shear strength and micro-hardness can be investigated. Mathematical models developed for the interface properties of scarf joint to make relationship between the bond shear strength and explosive loading ratio. To check the adequacy of developed models, mechanical properties of interface, such as bond shear strength, predicted and compared with actual values in explosive cladding process. The results show reasonable agreement with theoretical predictions. Consequently, mathematical model which is based on scarf joints, can predict bond shear strength of cladding metals under desired explosive loading and flyer plate thickness
R. Khoshhal, M. Soltanieh, M. Mirjalili,
Volume 7, Issue 1 (winter 2010 2010)
Abstract

Abstract:

titanium sheets in pure molten aluminum at 750

and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis results, TiAl

intermetallic layer thickness increases slowly at primary stages. After that an enhanced growth rate occurs due to layer

cracking and disruption. Presumably, reaction starts with solving titanium into the molten aluminum causing in

titanium super saturation and TiAl

intermetallic layer which consequently leads to TiAl

energy of intermetallic layer formation and growth was developed by measuring titanium thickness decreases.

In this work, kinetics of intermetallic compounds formation in Al-Ti system was studied by immersingoC, 850 oC and 950 oC. According to Scanning Electron Microscopy3 is the only phase can form at the interface. Observations revealed that3 formation. At this stage, growth may be controlled by aluminum diffusion through3 formation at the interface of Ti-TiAl3. Furthermore, activation

Mr Mohammadtaher Safarzadeh, Mr Seyed Mohammad Ali Boutorabi, Mr Asghar Arab,
Volume 7, Issue 3 (summer 2010 2010)
Abstract

The effects of anodizing condition and post treatment on the growth of nickel nanowires, were investigated. A two-step anodizing process was applied in phosphoric and oxalic acid solution. Nickel electrochemical plating was applied to fill Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) pores. For pore filling enhancement, AAO surfaces were treated by silver predeposition. After electroplating, aluminum and oxide layer of some specimens were removed. The results showed that silver preplating increases the pore filling and as the applied voltage becomes higher, the pores diameter decreases.
M. Farzalipour Tabriz, M. Ghassemi Kakroudi*,
Volume 7, Issue 4 (Autumn 2010 2010)
Abstract

Abstract: Cordierite-Mullite based kiln furnitures are widely used in fast-firing of ceramic products because of their low thermal expansion which confer them a very good ability to thermal shock resistance. Difference in CTE of constituent phase can develop damage during thermal cycling due to internal stresses. Increase in industrial competitiveness leads to the development of new means for extending refractory life and increasing reliability of industrial tools so investigations regarding the structuralmechanical behaviour of refractory systems are becoming essential. In this paper, Thermo-mechanical design of commercial Cordierite-Mullite based kiln furniture was investigated by using finite element method (FEM) and possible solutions for improvement of working life have been considered. The results indicated that the change of the kiln furniture geometry can decrease the maximum thermomechanical stress in study conditions which can prolong the refractory service life. Obtained results indicate the existence of an optimal thickness for the section under maximum thermo-mechanical stress. Increasing filet radius of ring region from 3 to 9 mm decreases thermo-mechanical stress value from 113 to 93 MPa.
R. Alizadeh, O. Ostrovski,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (winter 2011 2011)
Abstract

Abstract: Reduction of the Titanium dioxide, TiO2, by methane was investigated in this work. The thermodynamic of reaction was examined and found favorable. The reaction of titanium dioxide with methane was carried out in the temperature range 1150°C to 1450°C at atmospheric pressure with industrial high porosity pellets prepared from titanium dioxide powder. The evolved gas analyzing method was used for determination of the extent of reduction rate. The gas products of the reaction are mostly CO and trace amount of CO2 and H2O. The synthesized product powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) for elucidating solid phase compositions. The effect of varying temperature was studied during the reduction. The conversion-time data have been interpreted by using the grain model. For first order reaction with respect to methane concentration, the activation energy of titanium dioxide reduction by methane is found to be 51.4 kcal/gmole. No detailed investigation of kinetic and mechanism of the reaction was reported in literatures.
M. J. Tafreshi, B. Dibaie, M. Fazli, M. Alidaie,
Volume 8, Issue 1 (winter 2011 2011)
Abstract


A. Salimi, M. Zadshakoyan, A. Ozdemir, E. Seidi,
Volume 9, Issue 2 (june 2012 2012)
Abstract

In automation flexible manufacturing systems, tool wear detection during the cutting process is one of the most important considerations. This study presents an intelligent system for online tool condition monitoring in drilling process .In this paper, analytical and empirical models have been used to predict the thrust and cutting forces on the lip and chisel edges of a new drill. Also an empirical model is used to estimate tool wear rate and force values on the edges of the worn drill. By using of the block diagram of machine tool drives, the changes in the feed and spindle motor currents are simulated, as wear rate increases. To predict tool wear rate in drill, Fuzzy logic capabilities have been used to develop intelligent system. The simulated results presented in MATLAB software show the effectiveness of the proposed system for on-line drill wear monitoring.
Dr Ali Darehkordi, Mr Mohammad Sadegh Hosseini,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (september 2012)
Abstract

Montmorillonite modified is an efficient environmental friendly catalyst under one-pot-three-component synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidine-2(1H) ones. The preparation was performed with an aldehyde, 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds, urea or thiourea under solvent-free conditions. In comparison with the other methods of Biginelli reaction, this new method has short reaction time inexpensive catalyst and in addition excellent yields were obtained.
Simin Janitabar-Darzi, Alireza Mahjoub,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (september 2012)
Abstract

Yellow-colored nitrogen doped TiO2 photocatalyst and a pure TiO2 powder were synthesized via sol-gel method using TiCl4 and urea as raw materials. However, the synthesis procedure for nitrogen doped TiO2 was catalyzed by acid that dialed with controlled precipitation and slow nucleation. According to XRD analysis, the nitrogen doped TiO2 consisted of anatase phase of titania which was a significant achievement regarding its possible photocatalytic applications. The band gaps of nitrogen doped TiO2 and pure TiO2 were estimated from UV-Vis spectroscopy data to be 2.8 and 3.3 ev, respectively. Photocatalytic properties of the nitrogen doped TiO2 nanocatalyst and pure TiO2 were compared for degradation of crystal violet dye in visible light irradiation. In comparison to pure TiO2, nitrogen doped TiO2 showed superior photocatalytic efficiency towards the dye.
Mr Hojjatollah Fathi, Dr Esmaeil Emadoddin, Dr Ali Habibolah Zadeh,
Volume 9, Issue 3 (september 2012)
Abstract

Metal porous foams have been eliciting much interest in recent years due to their high capacity of energy absorption. The characteristics of the pores in these materials play an important role on their energy absorption capability and other properties. This study reports the fabrication of aluminum closed-cell foams by accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) technique using calcium carbonate (CaCO3) as the blowing agent. Calcium carbonate is an inexpensive material and imparts relatively high porosity to the produced foam. The effects of heating rate foaming temperature and time on porosity have been investigated. The results show that increasing the foaming temperature and time results in improvements in the foaming process. It is also shown that the heating rate does not affect the porosity. The shape and structure of pores are spherical and regular with CaCO3 as blowing agent. With TiH2 blowing agent the sample should be heated up abruptly from decomposition temperature of TiH2 to foaming temperatures in order to produce high porosity foam. It is found that increasing the numbers of accumulative rolling cycle causes uniform distribution of calcium carbonate powder and increases porosity in the final foam by up to 55%.
M. Alipour, S. Mirjavadi, M. K. Besharati Givi, H. Razmi, M. Emamy, J. Rassizadehghani,
Volume 9, Issue 4 (December 2012)
Abstract

In this study the effect of Al–5Ti–1B grain refiner on the structural characteristics and wear properties of Al–12Zn–3Mg–2.5Cu alloy was investigated. The optimum amount for Ti containing grain refiners was selected as 2 wt.%. T6 heat treatment, (i.e. heating at 460 °C for 1 h before water quenching to room temperature and then aging at 120 °C for 24 h) was applied for all specimens before wear testing. Dry sliding wear resistant of the alloy was performed under normal atmospheric conditions. The experimental results showed that the T6 heat treatment considerably improved the resistance of Al–12Zn–3Mg–2.5Cu alloy to dry sliding wear.
S. R. Allahkaram, R. Faezi Alivand, M. S. Bakhsh,
Volume 10, Issue 1 (march 2013)
Abstract

Abstract:Electroless Nickel-phosphorus (EN) coatings provide high performance in various industrial fields due to their unique properties such as excellent corrosion and wear resistance. This paper aims to study the effect of ZnO nano-particles addition on corrosion behavior of EN coatings. Various amounts of ZnO nano-particles with average diameter of 50 nm were added to hypophosphite reduced EN bath to deposit composite coatings. Microstructural investigations were carried out via scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Chemical composition of the coatings was investigated via energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization tests were used to study the corrosion properties of the coatings in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. SEM investigations showed that the coating deposited from the bath containing 2 g/L of ZnO nano-particles had the most amount of nano-particles incorporated in the coating. EDS results revealed that incorporation of ZnO nano-particles in the composite coating resulted in a decrease in phosphorous content of the coating. Corrosion tests showed that corrosion resistance of the electroless Ni-P/nanoZnO composite coatings in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution had an improvement in comparison to electroless Ni-P base coating
A. M. Behagh, A. Fadaei Tehrani, H. R. Salimi Jazi, O. Behagh,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (march 2015 2015)
Abstract

n this paper a finite element model has been proposed for evaluation of primary and secondary current density values on the cathode surface in nickel electroplating operation of a revolving part. In addition, the capability of presented electroplating simulation has been investigated in order to describe the electroplated thickness of the nickel sulfate solution. Nickel electroplating experiments have been carried out. A good agreement between the simulated and experimental results was found. Also the results showed that primary current density can describe the general form of thickness distribution but the relative value of current density using secondary current density can present better description of thickness distribution
M. Akbarzadeh, A. Shafyei, H. R. Salimijazi,
Volume 12, Issue 1 (march 2015 2015)
Abstract

In the present study, CrN, TiN and (Ti, Cr)N coatings were deposited on D6 tool steel substrates. Physical and mechanical properties of coatings such as microstructure, thickness, phase composition, and hardness were evaluated. Phase compositions were studies by X-ray diffraction method. Mechanical properties were determined by nano-indentation technique. The friction and wear behaviour of the coatings were investigated using ball-on-disc tests under normal loads of 5, 7 and 9 N at sliding distance of 500 m, at room temperature. Scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy, optical microscope, and 2D/3D profilometry were utilized to investigate the microstructures and wear mechanisms. Wear test results clarified that the wear resistance of (Ti, Cr)N and TiN coatings was better than that of CrN coating. The wear resistance of the (Ti, Cr)N coatings was related to the Ti content in the coatings and reduced by decreasing the Ti content. The dominant wear mechanisms were characterized to be abrasive and tribochemical wear


S. Noori, J. Khalil-Allafi,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (June 2015)
Abstract

The effect of anodic oxidation of a NiTi shape memory alloy in sulfuric acid electrolyte on its surface characteristics was studied. Surface roughness was measured by roughness tester. Surface morphology was studied using optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Corrosion behavior was specified by recording Potentiodynamic polarization curves and measuring the content of Ni ions, released into a SBF solution using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Fourier transformation infrared radiation (FT-IR) and energy dispersive spectroscopy were employed to verify the biocompatibility of the anodized and bare alloys after submersion in SBF. It was shown that anodic oxidation in sulfuric acid significantly increases corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. This layer improves corrosion resistance and Ni ion-release resistance by impeding the direct contact of the alloy with the corrosion mediums i.e. Ringer and SBF solutions. The TiO2 oxide layer also decreases the releasing of Ni ions in to SBF solution

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