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Showing 7 results for Subject: Other subjects

Mohammad Javad Sohrabi, Hamed Mirzadeh, Saeed Sadeghpour, Reza Mahmudi,
Volume 20, Issue 4 (12-2023)
Abstract

Deformation-induced α΄-martensite generally forms at shear bands in the coarse-grained austenite, while it nucleates at grain boundaries in the ultrafine-grained (UFG) austenite. The available kinetics models are related to the nucleation on the shear band intersections, and hence, their application to investigating the kinetics of α΄-martensite formation for the UFG regime cannot be justified. Accordingly, in the present work, the general Johnson–Mehl–Avrami–Kolmogorov (JMAK-type) model was implemented for comparing the kinetics of α΄-martensite formation in the UFG and coarse-grained regimes using an AISI 304L stainless steel. On the experimental front, the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and the electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) maps were used for phase and microstructural analyses, respectively. It was revealed that the simple JMAK-type model, by considering the dependency of the volume fraction of α΄-martensite on the strain, is useful for modeling the experimental data, predicting the nucleation sites based on the theoretical Avrami exponents, and characterizing the transformation kinetics at low and high strains.
Ali Hosseinian Naeini, Seyed Ali Hosseini Moradi,
Volume 20, Issue 4 (12-2023)
Abstract

The growth of industries, populations, and industrial activities includes environmental pollutants. Pollution causes problems such as reduced light transmission, anaerobic conditions, and complications such as allergies and cancer for humans and other living organisms. The adsorption method is one of the most attractive, and efficient methods for removing environmental pollutants such as pharmaceuticals. Among the standard methods for wastewater treatment, adsorption is more efficient than other methods and is more economical. They have a meager price. Adsorption of pollutants can be an excellent way to remove toxic substances from polluted waters and industrial effluents. In this review, pharmaceutical removal by adsorption process was reviewed in details.
Sara Ahmadi, Reza Momeni,
Volume 20, Issue 4 (12-2023)
Abstract

The polymer modified cementitious tile adhesives are very significant in construction sector. In order to considerably improve the bond qualities of the tile adhesive in polymer modified mortars, the proportions of constituent ingredients should be carefully selected. Consequently, to design high performance tile adhesives, interactions between all the components, such as the adhesion mechanisms between the polymers film and the substrate and the effect of various additives should be recognized. The effect of vinyl acetate ethylene (EVA), high alumina cement (HAC), and additives such as calcium formate and polycarboxylate on the adhesion qualities of ceramic tile adhesive was explored in this study. The findings indicated that these ingredients had an impact on the mortars' adhesive properties, and it is necessary to find their optimal amounts in order to achieve the maximum adherence. The results showed that the tensile strength of mortar was increased with increasing the polymer amounts. A microstructural analysis revealed that the polymer was distributed homogenously throughout the mortar.  The optimum amount of the used high alumina cement was determined 3 wt.%. Additionally, increasing the amount of accelerator and super plasticizer increased the tensile strength of ceramic tile adhesive by approximately 20-30%.
 
Seyed Farzad Dehghaniyan, Shahriar Sharafi,
Volume 21, Issue 0 (3-2024)
Abstract

Mechanical alloying was employed to synthesize a nanostructured alloy with the chemical formula of (Fe80Ni20)1-xCrx (x= 0, 4). The microstructural and magnetic properties of the samples were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Additionally, theoretical calculations were performed using density functional theory (DFT) under the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). Simulations have demonstrated that an appropriate quantity of chromium (Cr) can dissolve within the BCC-Fe (Ni) structure, resulting in a favorable enhancement of the magnetic moment of the lattice. The XRD results indicated that after 96 hours of milling, Fe (Ni) and Fe (Ni, Cr) with a body-centered cubic (BCC) structure were formed. With increasing milling time, the grain size decreased while the microstrain increased. The saturation magnetization (Ms) of Fe80Ni20 composition increased up to 32 hours of milling, but further milling (up to 96 h) resulted in a decrease in the saturation magnetization However, for the (Fe80Ni20)96Cr4 powders, milling up to 64 h caused a reduction in Ms. The coercivity (Hc) trend was different and increased with longer milling times (up to 96 h) for both compositions.
 

Dipali Potdar, Sushant Patil, Yugen Kulkarni, Niketa Pawar, Shivaji Sadale, Prashant Chikode,
Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2024)
Abstract

The Nickel tungsten (Ni-W) alloy was electrodeposited on stainless steel (SS) substrate using potentiostatic mode at room temperature. Potentiostatic electrodeposition was carried out by varying the deposition time. The physicochemical properties of Ni-W alloys were studied using X-Ray diffraction (XRD), Electron Microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Recorded XRD spectra was compared with standard JCPDS card and the presence of Ni was confirmed, no such peaks for W were observed. Further study was extended for micro-Raman analysis. From Raman spectroscopy study the appearance of Ni-O and W6+=O bonds confirms that the Ni-W present in amorphous phase. Several cracks were observed in SEM images along with nanoparticles distributed over the electrode surface. The appearance of cracks may be correlated with the in-plane tensile stresses, lattice strains and stacking faults and may be related to the substrate confinements.
 
Yugen Kulkarni, Niketa Pawar, Namrata Erandole, Muskan Mulani, Mujjamil Shikalgar, Swapnil Banne, Dipali Potdar, Ravindra Mane, Smita Mahajan, Prashant Chikode,
Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2024)
Abstract

The paper investigates the solar photodegradation of Methylene Blue dye using copper oxide (CuO) thin films synthesized by the Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction (SILAR) method. The structural, morphological, and optical characteristics of the CuO thin films have been investigated by employing a variety of methods, such as Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The outcomes showed that CuO thin films with excellent surface shape and a highly crystalline nature had been successfully deposited. Methylene Blue was subjected to solar radiation during its photodegradation process, and the outcomes showed a significant decrease in the dye's concentration over time. To maximize the photo degradation process, the effects of other experimental factors were also assessed, such as the starting concentration of MB, the quantity of CuO thin film, number of SILAR cycles and the pH of the solution. Good photocatalytic activity is demonstrated by CuO thin films produced using the SILAR approach in the solar photodegradation of methylene blue. The development of affordable and ecologically friendly wastewater treatment technology that can use sun energy to break down persistent organic contaminants is affected by these findings.
 
Avinash Ramteke, Pradnya Chougule, Pranali Chavan, Amit Yaul, Gourav Pethe,
Volume 21, Issue 1 (3-2024)
Abstract

Nickel doped CoMn ferrites with high magnetization were synthesized by double sintering solid state route with compositions of Co0.7-xNixMn0.3Fe2O4 with x = 0, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15. Theoretical Cation distribution for cubic spinel ferrites was suggested on basis of electrical configuration expectations and cation site preferences. Cation distribution suggested was in good agreement with experimental results obtained from VSM and XRD. Values of theoretically calculated magnetic moment, coercivity and magnetization are in good agreement with experimental data obtained from VSM. Maximum saturation magnetization of 37.7emu/gm is obtained for sample Co0.7Mn0.3Fe2O4 at magnetic field of 5K Oe. Magnetostriction was found to increase with increasing magnetic field (from 1KOe to 5KOe.) Maximum magnetostriction of 84ppm was observed for sample Co0.7Mn0.3Fe2O4 at 5KOe. Maximum magnetization of magnetoelectric composites with 30% Co0.7-xNixMn0.3Fe2O4 – 70% PbZr0.48Ti0.52 was found to be 7.4 emu/g for composition with x = 0.
 

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