The thesis Defense session of Mr. Mehdi Hamzenezhad with the title of “ the Conceptual and Functional Principles in Designing Religious Buildings in Shiaa" under supervision of Supervisors: M Sc.Abdolhamid Noghrekar Dr. Gholamhosain Me'marian will be held in 29 of February 2012 at 10:00 in School of Architecture and environmentaldesign.
The religious buildings are the main monuments in which ideas and concepts have emerged .Iran is one of the most important centers of shiaa in the world and even earlier Safavid, there were many of the Shiaa religious buildings that must be derived from theoretical principles . it is special importance for Shiaa pilgrimage there imams and Imamzadeh and architectural decoration and elegance of a possible appearance at the tomb to be used. While the decorations in mosques is less and the minimum may be in Mosalla. These architectural differences are rooted in different theoretical Foundations
the general aim of this research is to consider Morphophonemically These differences in order To be instrumental to the great examples of contemporary religious architecture design and keep them from large cultural and social deviations. also There are associated with Heavy economic losses.
general approach of this research is from theory to the phenomena . first it compared principles and guidelines to make these three buildings sin the Shia fiqh. In the second step, it use Islamic mysticism and search for goals from jurisprudential recipes to be extracted conceptual ideas related to religious buildings. Research method of these process are logical reasoning
The third step is to examine examples of these principles that would emerged . In this step is used phenomenological method to show evolution of sacred ideas influence to the construction of mosques, Mazars and Mosallas and tried to show balance or deviations from the fundamental concept of any building in four periods (periods presented Pirnia). Finally, check the status of this factors of religious architecture in the Safavid period (One of the most important periods of Shiaa thought in architecture) This step research method is historical comparative research. The fifth step is study of feasibility to generalize the hypothesis and Formation the theory . According to this theory ,These three levels not only in this trilogy, but in many other buildings may be used and Rooted in Classification of Contacts knowledge level . Based on these results, there are three levels of luxury and aesthetics in Islamic architecture . In each architectural subject, aesthetic kind based on the requirements and definitions . This study shows that such as this Audience-oriented three-level interpretation of Islamic architecture is compatible with Shia Islamic jurisprudence and mysticism and can easily end up Many of the current theoretical debates in this area. This step research method’s.is logical and analytical method.
Finally, according to the three levels of Islamic architecture, are presented ideas, concepts and principles arising from any of the ideas to exploit in contemporary religious architecture .
Based on the findings , religious architecture in Iran Has fluctuated and even in some periods has has out of moderation ( such as the Azari period ) But it can be seen the changes to perfection , so one of the best periods of Moderation is in the rise of the Safavid period .shrines, In this period , in continuation of Azari period appeared quite glorious, While the magnificent mosques of the Azari period was Declined . mosques in This period are fewer but more Moderation. Mosalla was built with the utmost simplicity in this period and wasnot seen the Magnificent Mosalla such as Azari period
The last step in the research is conclusions and that is presentation of conceptual ideas for religious architecture in tree level : 1- tashbihy –lamaly 2- tanzihy – jalaly 3- Moderation estimate , and principles arising from any of the ideas To exploit in contemporary religious architecture